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Raman spectroscopy detects melanoma and the tissue surrounding melanoma using tissue-engineered melanoma models

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
  • C. Yorucu
  • K. Lau
  • S. Mittar
  • N.H. Green
  • A. Raza
  • I.U. Rehman
  • S. MacNeil
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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/05/2016
<mark>Journal</mark>APPLIED SPECTROSCOPY REVIEWS
Issue number4
Volume51
Number of pages15
Pages (from-to)263-277
Publication statusPublished
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Invasion of melanoma cells from the primary tumor involves interaction with adjacent tissues and extracellular matrix. The extent of this interaction is not fully understood. In this study Raman spectroscopy was applied to cryo-sections of established 3D models of melanoma in human skin. Principal component analysis was used to investigate differences between the tumor and normal tissue and between the peri-tumor area and the normal skin. Two human melanoma cells lines A375SM and C8161 were investigated and compared in 3D melanoma models. Changes were found in protein conformations and tryptophan configurations across the entire melanoma samples, in tyrosine orientation and in more fluid lipid packing only in tumor dense areas, and in increased glycogen content in the peri-tumor areas of melanoma. Raman spectroscopy revealed changes around the perimeter of a melanoma tumor as well as detecting differences between the tumor and the normal tissue. © 2016 Ceyla Yorucu, Katherine Lau, Shweta Mittar, Nicola H. Green, Ahtasham Raza, Ihtesham Ur Rehman, and Sheila MacNeil.