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Reconciling modeled and observed temperature trends over Antarctica

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

  • N. Calvo
  • R.R. Garcia
  • D.R. Marsh
  • M.J. Mills
  • D.E. Kinnison
  • P. J. Young
???articleNumber??? L16803
Journal publication date28/08/2012
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Journal number16
Volume39
Number of pages6
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Over the last three decades, ozone depletion over Antarctica has affected temperature and winds in the lower stratosphere, and even in the troposphere and at the surface. The second Chemistry Climate Model Validation activity (CCMVal2) concluded that chemistry-climate models simulate stratospheric cooling that is too large compared to observations, even though the modeled and observed ozone trends are similar. However, these comparisons were based only on radiosonde data available for 1969–1998. Here, we investigate trends in the Southern Hemisphere polar cap in the latest version of the Community Earth System Model (CESM1) with its high-top atmospheric component, WACCM4, fully coupled to an ocean model. We compare model trends with observations for different periods and with other modeling studies to show much better agreement with more recent data, and conclude that the discrepancy between observed trends and those calculated by high-top models may not be as large as previously reported.

Bibliographic note

©2012. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.