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Reducing repeat pregnancies in adolescence

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Reducing repeat pregnancies in adolescence. / Charles, Joanna; Rycroft-Malone, Joanne; Aslam, R.; Hendry, Margaret; Pasterfield, Diana; Whittaker, Rhiannon.

In: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, Vol. 16, 271, 20.09.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Charles, J, Rycroft-Malone, J, Aslam, R, Hendry, M, Pasterfield, D & Whittaker, R 2016, 'Reducing repeat pregnancies in adolescence', BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, vol. 16, 271. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-016-1066-x

APA

Charles, J., Rycroft-Malone, J., Aslam, R., Hendry, M., Pasterfield, D., & Whittaker, R. (2016). Reducing repeat pregnancies in adolescence. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 16, [271]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-016-1066-x

Vancouver

Charles J, Rycroft-Malone J, Aslam R, Hendry M, Pasterfield D, Whittaker R. Reducing repeat pregnancies in adolescence. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2016 Sep 20;16. 271. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-016-1066-x

Author

Charles, Joanna ; Rycroft-Malone, Joanne ; Aslam, R. ; Hendry, Margaret ; Pasterfield, Diana ; Whittaker, Rhiannon. / Reducing repeat pregnancies in adolescence. In: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2016 ; Vol. 16.

Bibtex

@article{015262b7c5d84e8a8dfbd6fc4307f9dd,
title = "Reducing repeat pregnancies in adolescence",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated emotional, psychological and educational harm to young mothers following unintended conceptions. The UK has one of the highest rates of pregnancies in adolescence in Western Europe with a high proportion of these being repeat pregnancies, making it a topic of interest for public health policy makers, and health and social care practitioners. As part of a wider mixed-methods systematic review, realist principles were applied to synthesise evidence about interventions aiming to reduce repeat pregnancies in adolescence.METHODS: A multi-streamed, mixed-methods systematic review was conducted searching 11 major electronic databases and 9 additional databases from 1995 onwards, using key terms such as pregnancy, teen or adolescent. The principles of realist synthesis were applied to all included literature to uncover theories about what works, for whom, how and in what context. Initial theory areas were developed through evidence scoping, group discussion by the authors and stakeholder engagement to uncover context + mechanism = outcome (CMO) configurations and related narratives.RESULTS: The searches identified 8,664 documents initially, and 403 in repeat searches, filtering to 81 included studies, including qualitative studies, randomised controlled trials, quantitative studies and grey literature. Three CMO configurations were developed. The individual experiences of young mothers' triggered self-efficacy, notions of perceived risks, susceptibility and benefits of pregnancy, resulting in the adolescent taking control of their fertility and sexual encounters. The choice between motherhood and other goals triggered notions of motivations, resulting in the adolescent managing their expectations of motherhood and controlling their fertility and sexual encounters. Barriers and facilitators to accessing services triggered notions of connectedness and self-determination; resulting in interventions that are tailored so they are relevant to young persons, and improve access to services and engagement with the issue of pregnancy in adolescence.CONCLUSIONS: Pregnancy in adolescence is a complex issue with many factors to consider. The conceptual platform described here could help guide policy makers and professionals towards a number of areas that need to be attended to in order to increase the likelihood of an intervention working to prevent rapid repeat pregnancy in adolescence.TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42012003168.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Mixed-methods systematic review, Pregnancy, Realist synthesis, Teen",
author = "Joanna Charles and Joanne Rycroft-Malone and R. Aslam and Margaret Hendry and Diana Pasterfield and Rhiannon Whittaker",
note = "M1 - 271",
year = "2016",
month = sep
day = "20",
doi = "10.1186/s12884-016-1066-x",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
journal = "BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth",
issn = "1471-2393",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reducing repeat pregnancies in adolescence

AU - Charles, Joanna

AU - Rycroft-Malone, Joanne

AU - Aslam, R.

AU - Hendry, Margaret

AU - Pasterfield, Diana

AU - Whittaker, Rhiannon

N1 - M1 - 271

PY - 2016/9/20

Y1 - 2016/9/20

N2 - BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated emotional, psychological and educational harm to young mothers following unintended conceptions. The UK has one of the highest rates of pregnancies in adolescence in Western Europe with a high proportion of these being repeat pregnancies, making it a topic of interest for public health policy makers, and health and social care practitioners. As part of a wider mixed-methods systematic review, realist principles were applied to synthesise evidence about interventions aiming to reduce repeat pregnancies in adolescence.METHODS: A multi-streamed, mixed-methods systematic review was conducted searching 11 major electronic databases and 9 additional databases from 1995 onwards, using key terms such as pregnancy, teen or adolescent. The principles of realist synthesis were applied to all included literature to uncover theories about what works, for whom, how and in what context. Initial theory areas were developed through evidence scoping, group discussion by the authors and stakeholder engagement to uncover context + mechanism = outcome (CMO) configurations and related narratives.RESULTS: The searches identified 8,664 documents initially, and 403 in repeat searches, filtering to 81 included studies, including qualitative studies, randomised controlled trials, quantitative studies and grey literature. Three CMO configurations were developed. The individual experiences of young mothers' triggered self-efficacy, notions of perceived risks, susceptibility and benefits of pregnancy, resulting in the adolescent taking control of their fertility and sexual encounters. The choice between motherhood and other goals triggered notions of motivations, resulting in the adolescent managing their expectations of motherhood and controlling their fertility and sexual encounters. Barriers and facilitators to accessing services triggered notions of connectedness and self-determination; resulting in interventions that are tailored so they are relevant to young persons, and improve access to services and engagement with the issue of pregnancy in adolescence.CONCLUSIONS: Pregnancy in adolescence is a complex issue with many factors to consider. The conceptual platform described here could help guide policy makers and professionals towards a number of areas that need to be attended to in order to increase the likelihood of an intervention working to prevent rapid repeat pregnancy in adolescence.TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42012003168.

AB - BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated emotional, psychological and educational harm to young mothers following unintended conceptions. The UK has one of the highest rates of pregnancies in adolescence in Western Europe with a high proportion of these being repeat pregnancies, making it a topic of interest for public health policy makers, and health and social care practitioners. As part of a wider mixed-methods systematic review, realist principles were applied to synthesise evidence about interventions aiming to reduce repeat pregnancies in adolescence.METHODS: A multi-streamed, mixed-methods systematic review was conducted searching 11 major electronic databases and 9 additional databases from 1995 onwards, using key terms such as pregnancy, teen or adolescent. The principles of realist synthesis were applied to all included literature to uncover theories about what works, for whom, how and in what context. Initial theory areas were developed through evidence scoping, group discussion by the authors and stakeholder engagement to uncover context + mechanism = outcome (CMO) configurations and related narratives.RESULTS: The searches identified 8,664 documents initially, and 403 in repeat searches, filtering to 81 included studies, including qualitative studies, randomised controlled trials, quantitative studies and grey literature. Three CMO configurations were developed. The individual experiences of young mothers' triggered self-efficacy, notions of perceived risks, susceptibility and benefits of pregnancy, resulting in the adolescent taking control of their fertility and sexual encounters. The choice between motherhood and other goals triggered notions of motivations, resulting in the adolescent managing their expectations of motherhood and controlling their fertility and sexual encounters. Barriers and facilitators to accessing services triggered notions of connectedness and self-determination; resulting in interventions that are tailored so they are relevant to young persons, and improve access to services and engagement with the issue of pregnancy in adolescence.CONCLUSIONS: Pregnancy in adolescence is a complex issue with many factors to consider. The conceptual platform described here could help guide policy makers and professionals towards a number of areas that need to be attended to in order to increase the likelihood of an intervention working to prevent rapid repeat pregnancy in adolescence.TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42012003168.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Mixed-methods systematic review

KW - Pregnancy

KW - Realist synthesis

KW - Teen

U2 - 10.1186/s12884-016-1066-x

DO - 10.1186/s12884-016-1066-x

M3 - Journal article

VL - 16

JO - BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

JF - BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

SN - 1471-2393

M1 - 271

ER -