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    Rights statement: The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Perspectives in Psychological Science, 11 (6), 2016, © SAGE Publications Ltd, 2016 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the Perspectives in Psychological Science page: http://journals.sagepub.com/home/pps on SAGE Journals Online: http://journals.sagepub.com/

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Registered Replication Report: Strack, Martin, & Stepper (1988)

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Registered Replication Report : Strack, Martin, & Stepper (1988). / Wagenmakers, E. J.; Beek, Titia; Dijkhoff, Laura; Gronau, Quentin F.; Acosta, A.; Adams, R. B.; Albohn, D. N.; Allard, E. S.; Benning, S. D.; Blouin-Hudon, E. M.; Bulnes, L. C.; Caldwell, T. L.; Calin-Jageman, R. J.; Capaldi, C. A.; Carfagno, N. S.; Chasten, K. T.; Cleeremans, A.; Connell, L.; DeCicco, J. M.; Dijkstra, K.; Foroni, F.; Hess, U.; Holmes, K. J.; Klein, O.; Koch, C.; Korb, S.; Lewinski, P.; Lund, S.; Lupiáñez, J.; Lynott, D.; Oosterwijk, S.; Özdoğru, A. A.; Pacheco-Unguetti, A. P.; Pearson, B.; Powis, C.; Riding, S.; Rumiati, R. I.; Senden, M.; Shea-Shumsky, N. B.; Sobocko, K.; Soto, J. A.; Steiner, T. G.; Talarico, J. M.; van Allen, Z. M.; Vandekerckhove, M.; Wainwright, B.; Wayand, J. F.; Zeelenberg, R.; Zetzer, E. E.; Zwaan, R. A.

In: Perspectives on Psychological Science, Vol. 11, No. 6, 11.2016, p. 917-928.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Wagenmakers, EJ, Beek, T, Dijkhoff, L, Gronau, QF, Acosta, A, Adams, RB, Albohn, DN, Allard, ES, Benning, SD, Blouin-Hudon, EM, Bulnes, LC, Caldwell, TL, Calin-Jageman, RJ, Capaldi, CA, Carfagno, NS, Chasten, KT, Cleeremans, A, Connell, L, DeCicco, JM, Dijkstra, K, Foroni, F, Hess, U, Holmes, KJ, Klein, O, Koch, C, Korb, S, Lewinski, P, Lund, S, Lupiáñez, J, Lynott, D, Oosterwijk, S, Özdoğru, AA, Pacheco-Unguetti, AP, Pearson, B, Powis, C, Riding, S, Rumiati, RI, Senden, M, Shea-Shumsky, NB, Sobocko, K, Soto, JA, Steiner, TG, Talarico, JM, van Allen, ZM, Vandekerckhove, M, Wainwright, B, Wayand, JF, Zeelenberg, R, Zetzer, EE & Zwaan, RA 2016, 'Registered Replication Report: Strack, Martin, & Stepper (1988)', Perspectives on Psychological Science, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 917-928. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691616674458

APA

Wagenmakers, E. J., Beek, T., Dijkhoff, L., Gronau, Q. F., Acosta, A., Adams, R. B., Albohn, D. N., Allard, E. S., Benning, S. D., Blouin-Hudon, E. M., Bulnes, L. C., Caldwell, T. L., Calin-Jageman, R. J., Capaldi, C. A., Carfagno, N. S., Chasten, K. T., Cleeremans, A., Connell, L., DeCicco, J. M., ... Zwaan, R. A. (2016). Registered Replication Report: Strack, Martin, & Stepper (1988). Perspectives on Psychological Science, 11(6), 917-928. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691616674458

Vancouver

Wagenmakers EJ, Beek T, Dijkhoff L, Gronau QF, Acosta A, Adams RB et al. Registered Replication Report: Strack, Martin, & Stepper (1988). Perspectives on Psychological Science. 2016 Nov;11(6):917-928. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691616674458

Author

Wagenmakers, E. J. ; Beek, Titia ; Dijkhoff, Laura ; Gronau, Quentin F. ; Acosta, A. ; Adams, R. B. ; Albohn, D. N. ; Allard, E. S. ; Benning, S. D. ; Blouin-Hudon, E. M. ; Bulnes, L. C. ; Caldwell, T. L. ; Calin-Jageman, R. J. ; Capaldi, C. A. ; Carfagno, N. S. ; Chasten, K. T. ; Cleeremans, A. ; Connell, L. ; DeCicco, J. M. ; Dijkstra, K. ; Foroni, F. ; Hess, U. ; Holmes, K. J. ; Klein, O. ; Koch, C. ; Korb, S. ; Lewinski, P. ; Lund, S. ; Lupiáñez, J. ; Lynott, D. ; Oosterwijk, S. ; Özdoğru, A. A. ; Pacheco-Unguetti, A. P. ; Pearson, B. ; Powis, C. ; Riding, S. ; Rumiati, R. I. ; Senden, M. ; Shea-Shumsky, N. B. ; Sobocko, K. ; Soto, J. A. ; Steiner, T. G. ; Talarico, J. M. ; van Allen, Z. M. ; Vandekerckhove, M. ; Wainwright, B. ; Wayand, J. F. ; Zeelenberg, R. ; Zetzer, E. E. ; Zwaan, R. A. / Registered Replication Report : Strack, Martin, & Stepper (1988). In: Perspectives on Psychological Science. 2016 ; Vol. 11, No. 6. pp. 917-928.

Bibtex

@article{db030fb105074c4cabb46d9b7eabf1ae,
title = "Registered Replication Report: Strack, Martin, & Stepper (1988)",
abstract = "According to the facial feedback hypothesis, people{\textquoteright}s affective responses can be influenced by their own facial expression (e.g., smiling, pouting), even when their expression did not result from their emotional experiences. For example, Strack, Martin, and Stepper (1988) instructed participants to rate the funniness of cartoons using a pen that they held in their mouth. In line with the facial feedback hypothesis, when participants held the pen with their teeth (inducing a “smile”), they rated the cartoons as funnier than when they held the pen with their lips (inducing a “pout”). This seminal study of the facial feedback hypothesis has not been replicated directly. This Registered Replication Report describes the results of 17 independent direct replications of Study 1 from Strack et al. (1988), all of which followed the same vetted protocol. A meta-analysis of these studies examined the difference in funniness ratings between the “smile” and “pout” conditions. The original Strack et al. (1988) study reported a rating difference of 0.82 units on a 10-point Likert scale. Our meta-analysis revealed a rating difference of 0.03 units with a 95% confidence interval ranging from −0.11 to 0.16.",
keywords = "facial feedback hypothesis, many-labs, preregistration, replication",
author = "Wagenmakers, {E. J.} and Titia Beek and Laura Dijkhoff and Gronau, {Quentin F.} and A. Acosta and Adams, {R. B.} and Albohn, {D. N.} and Allard, {E. S.} and Benning, {S. D.} and Blouin-Hudon, {E. M.} and Bulnes, {L. C.} and Caldwell, {T. L.} and Calin-Jageman, {R. J.} and Capaldi, {C. A.} and Carfagno, {N. S.} and Chasten, {K. T.} and A. Cleeremans and L. Connell and DeCicco, {J. M.} and K. Dijkstra and F. Foroni and U. Hess and Holmes, {K. J.} and O. Klein and C. Koch and S. Korb and P. Lewinski and S. Lund and J. Lupi{\'a}{\~n}ez and D. Lynott and S. Oosterwijk and {\"O}zdoğru, {A. A.} and Pacheco-Unguetti, {A. P.} and B. Pearson and C. Powis and S. Riding and Rumiati, {R. I.} and M. Senden and Shea-Shumsky, {N. B.} and K. Sobocko and Soto, {J. A.} and Steiner, {T. G.} and Talarico, {J. M.} and {van Allen}, {Z. M.} and M. Vandekerckhove and B. Wainwright and Wayand, {J. F.} and R. Zeelenberg and Zetzer, {E. E.} and Zwaan, {R. A.}",
note = "The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Perspectives in Psychological Science, 11 (6), 2016, {\textcopyright} SAGE Publications Ltd, 2016 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the Perspectives in Psychological Science page: http://journals.sagepub.com/home/pps on SAGE Journals Online: http://journals.sagepub.com/",
year = "2016",
month = nov
doi = "10.1177/1745691616674458",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "917--928",
journal = "Perspectives on Psychological Science",
issn = "1745-6916",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Registered Replication Report

T2 - Strack, Martin, & Stepper (1988)

AU - Wagenmakers, E. J.

AU - Beek, Titia

AU - Dijkhoff, Laura

AU - Gronau, Quentin F.

AU - Acosta, A.

AU - Adams, R. B.

AU - Albohn, D. N.

AU - Allard, E. S.

AU - Benning, S. D.

AU - Blouin-Hudon, E. M.

AU - Bulnes, L. C.

AU - Caldwell, T. L.

AU - Calin-Jageman, R. J.

AU - Capaldi, C. A.

AU - Carfagno, N. S.

AU - Chasten, K. T.

AU - Cleeremans, A.

AU - Connell, L.

AU - DeCicco, J. M.

AU - Dijkstra, K.

AU - Foroni, F.

AU - Hess, U.

AU - Holmes, K. J.

AU - Klein, O.

AU - Koch, C.

AU - Korb, S.

AU - Lewinski, P.

AU - Lund, S.

AU - Lupiáñez, J.

AU - Lynott, D.

AU - Oosterwijk, S.

AU - Özdoğru, A. A.

AU - Pacheco-Unguetti, A. P.

AU - Pearson, B.

AU - Powis, C.

AU - Riding, S.

AU - Rumiati, R. I.

AU - Senden, M.

AU - Shea-Shumsky, N. B.

AU - Sobocko, K.

AU - Soto, J. A.

AU - Steiner, T. G.

AU - Talarico, J. M.

AU - van Allen, Z. M.

AU - Vandekerckhove, M.

AU - Wainwright, B.

AU - Wayand, J. F.

AU - Zeelenberg, R.

AU - Zetzer, E. E.

AU - Zwaan, R. A.

N1 - The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Perspectives in Psychological Science, 11 (6), 2016, © SAGE Publications Ltd, 2016 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the Perspectives in Psychological Science page: http://journals.sagepub.com/home/pps on SAGE Journals Online: http://journals.sagepub.com/

PY - 2016/11

Y1 - 2016/11

N2 - According to the facial feedback hypothesis, people’s affective responses can be influenced by their own facial expression (e.g., smiling, pouting), even when their expression did not result from their emotional experiences. For example, Strack, Martin, and Stepper (1988) instructed participants to rate the funniness of cartoons using a pen that they held in their mouth. In line with the facial feedback hypothesis, when participants held the pen with their teeth (inducing a “smile”), they rated the cartoons as funnier than when they held the pen with their lips (inducing a “pout”). This seminal study of the facial feedback hypothesis has not been replicated directly. This Registered Replication Report describes the results of 17 independent direct replications of Study 1 from Strack et al. (1988), all of which followed the same vetted protocol. A meta-analysis of these studies examined the difference in funniness ratings between the “smile” and “pout” conditions. The original Strack et al. (1988) study reported a rating difference of 0.82 units on a 10-point Likert scale. Our meta-analysis revealed a rating difference of 0.03 units with a 95% confidence interval ranging from −0.11 to 0.16.

AB - According to the facial feedback hypothesis, people’s affective responses can be influenced by their own facial expression (e.g., smiling, pouting), even when their expression did not result from their emotional experiences. For example, Strack, Martin, and Stepper (1988) instructed participants to rate the funniness of cartoons using a pen that they held in their mouth. In line with the facial feedback hypothesis, when participants held the pen with their teeth (inducing a “smile”), they rated the cartoons as funnier than when they held the pen with their lips (inducing a “pout”). This seminal study of the facial feedback hypothesis has not been replicated directly. This Registered Replication Report describes the results of 17 independent direct replications of Study 1 from Strack et al. (1988), all of which followed the same vetted protocol. A meta-analysis of these studies examined the difference in funniness ratings between the “smile” and “pout” conditions. The original Strack et al. (1988) study reported a rating difference of 0.82 units on a 10-point Likert scale. Our meta-analysis revealed a rating difference of 0.03 units with a 95% confidence interval ranging from −0.11 to 0.16.

KW - facial feedback hypothesis

KW - many-labs

KW - preregistration

KW - replication

U2 - 10.1177/1745691616674458

DO - 10.1177/1745691616674458

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85002050794

VL - 11

SP - 917

EP - 928

JO - Perspectives on Psychological Science

JF - Perspectives on Psychological Science

SN - 1745-6916

IS - 6

ER -