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Relative likelihood for life as a function of cosmic time

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>18/08/2016
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Issue number08
Number of pages1
Pages (from-to)40
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Is life most likely to emerge at the present cosmic time near a star like the Sun? We address this question by calculating the relative formation probability per unit time of habitable Earth-like planets within a fixed comoving volume of the Universe, dP(t)/dt, starting from the first stars and continuing to the distant cosmic future. We conservatively restrict our attention to the context of ``life as we know it'' and the standard cosmological model, ΛCDM . We find that unless habitability around low mass stars is suppressed, life is most likely to exist near ∼ 0.1M⊙ stars ten trillion years from now. Spectroscopic searches for biosignatures in the atmospheres of transiting Earth-mass planets around low mass stars will determine whether present-day life is indeed premature or typical from a cosmic perspective.