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Renormalised perturbation theory of normal systems

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date07/1981
JournalJournal of Physics -London- a Mathematical and General
Journal number7
Volume14
Number of pages10
Pages1533-1542
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Employing an infinite hierarchy of equations for the Green functions of a many particle system in its ground state mod psi N), the well known non-relativistic, time-dependent, ground-state perturbation theory of a normal system of interacting fermions is derived, without introducing the hypothesis that mod psi N) is the adiabatic transform of a non-interacting state. This new formulation of the problem allows us to renormalise conventional perturbation theory by introducing an effective interaction Gamma and the final result is a highly summed and manifestly self-consistent perturbation expansion in powers of Gamma . The authors calculate Gamma to second order and demonstrate that many of the well known results of time-dependent perturbation theory may be obtained by choosing the simplest approximations for Gamma . The results are readily generalised to finite temperatures and the formalism provides a generalised form of Hartree-Fock theory which may have important applications in many areas of physics.