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    Rights statement: This is the accepted version of the following article: Fisk, C., Dodd, A. L. & Collins, A. (2015). Response styles, bipolar risk and mood in students: The Behaviours Checklist. Psychology & Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice., which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/papt.12052/abstract This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

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Response styles, bipolar risk, and mood in students: the Behaviours Checklist

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>12/2015
<mark>Journal</mark>Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice
Issue number4
Volume88
Number of pages15
Pages (from-to)412-426
Publication statusPublished
Early online date9/01/15
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Objectives
An Integrative Cognitive Model of mood swings and bipolar disorder proposes that extreme positive and negative appraisals about internal states trigger ascent and descent behaviours, contributing to the onset and maintenance of mood swings. This study investigated the reliability and validity of a new inventory, the Behaviours Checklist (BC), by measuring associations with appraisals, response styles to positive and negative affect, bipolar risk, mania, and depression.

Design
Correlational analogue study.

Methods
Students (N = 134) completed the BC alongside measures of appraisals, response styles to positive and negative mood, mania, depression, and hypomanic personality (bipolar risk).

Results
The BC was of adequate reliability and showed good validity. Ascent behaviours and appraisals predicted bipolar risk, whereas descent behaviours and appraisals were associated with depression.

Conclusions
Appraisals, ascent, and descent behaviours may play an important role in the development and maintenance of mood swings. Limitations and research recommendations are outlined.

Practitioner points
Extreme positive and negative appraisals of internal states, and subsequent behavioural responses (ascent and descent behaviours), are associated with bipolar risk and bipolar mood symptoms in a student sample.

These processes are involved with mood dysregulation in clinical populations as well as bipolar risk in students, with implications for mood management.

Bibliographic note

This is the accepted version of the following article: Fisk, C., Dodd, A. L. & Collins, A. (2015). Response styles, bipolar risk and mood in students: The Behaviours Checklist. Psychology & Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice., which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/papt.12052/abstract This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.