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Reverse spillover of avian viral vaccine strains from domesticated poultry to wild birds

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Reverse spillover of avian viral vaccine strains from domesticated poultry to wild birds. / Rohaim, M. A.; El Naggar, R. F.; Helal, A. M.; Hussein, H. A.; Munir, Muhammad.

In: Vaccine, Vol. 35, No. 28, 16.06.2017, p. 3523-3527.

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@article{c97036e484e340b98ec34001767a8983,
title = "Reverse spillover of avian viral vaccine strains from domesticated poultry to wild birds",
abstract = "Transmission of viruses from the commercial poultry to wild birds is an emerging paradigm of livestock-wildlife interface. Here, we report the identification and isolation of vaccine strains of avian paramyxovirus serotype 1 (APMV1) and avian coronaviruses (ACoV) from different wild bird species across eight Egyptian governorates between January 2014 and December 2015. Surveillance of avian respiratory viruses in free-ranging wild birds (n=297) identified three species that harboured or excreted APMV1 and ACoVs. Genetic characterization and phylogenetic analysis of recovered viruses revealed a close association with the most widely utilized vaccine strains in the country. These results highlight the potential spillover of vaccine-viruses probably due to extensive use of live-attenuated vaccines in the commercial poultry, and close interaction between domesticated and wild bird populations. Further exploring the full spectrum of vaccine-derived viral vaccine strains in wild birds might help to assess the emergence of future wild-birds origin viruses.",
keywords = "Animals, Animals, Wild, Birds, Egypt, Gammacoronavirus, Newcastle disease virus, Phylogeny, Poultry, Poultry Diseases, Vaccines, Attenuated, Viral Vaccines, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't",
author = "Rohaim, {M. A.} and {El Naggar}, {R. F.} and Helal, {A. M.} and Hussein, {H. A.} and Muhammad Munir",
note = "Crown Copyright {\textcopyright} 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2017",
month = jun,
day = "16",
doi = "10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.05.033",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "3523--3527",
journal = "Vaccine",
issn = "0264-410X",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "28",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reverse spillover of avian viral vaccine strains from domesticated poultry to wild birds

AU - Rohaim, M. A.

AU - El Naggar, R. F.

AU - Helal, A. M.

AU - Hussein, H. A.

AU - Munir, Muhammad

N1 - Crown Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2017/6/16

Y1 - 2017/6/16

N2 - Transmission of viruses from the commercial poultry to wild birds is an emerging paradigm of livestock-wildlife interface. Here, we report the identification and isolation of vaccine strains of avian paramyxovirus serotype 1 (APMV1) and avian coronaviruses (ACoV) from different wild bird species across eight Egyptian governorates between January 2014 and December 2015. Surveillance of avian respiratory viruses in free-ranging wild birds (n=297) identified three species that harboured or excreted APMV1 and ACoVs. Genetic characterization and phylogenetic analysis of recovered viruses revealed a close association with the most widely utilized vaccine strains in the country. These results highlight the potential spillover of vaccine-viruses probably due to extensive use of live-attenuated vaccines in the commercial poultry, and close interaction between domesticated and wild bird populations. Further exploring the full spectrum of vaccine-derived viral vaccine strains in wild birds might help to assess the emergence of future wild-birds origin viruses.

AB - Transmission of viruses from the commercial poultry to wild birds is an emerging paradigm of livestock-wildlife interface. Here, we report the identification and isolation of vaccine strains of avian paramyxovirus serotype 1 (APMV1) and avian coronaviruses (ACoV) from different wild bird species across eight Egyptian governorates between January 2014 and December 2015. Surveillance of avian respiratory viruses in free-ranging wild birds (n=297) identified three species that harboured or excreted APMV1 and ACoVs. Genetic characterization and phylogenetic analysis of recovered viruses revealed a close association with the most widely utilized vaccine strains in the country. These results highlight the potential spillover of vaccine-viruses probably due to extensive use of live-attenuated vaccines in the commercial poultry, and close interaction between domesticated and wild bird populations. Further exploring the full spectrum of vaccine-derived viral vaccine strains in wild birds might help to assess the emergence of future wild-birds origin viruses.

KW - Animals

KW - Animals, Wild

KW - Birds

KW - Egypt

KW - Gammacoronavirus

KW - Newcastle disease virus

KW - Phylogeny

KW - Poultry

KW - Poultry Diseases

KW - Vaccines, Attenuated

KW - Viral Vaccines

KW - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

U2 - 10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.05.033

DO - 10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.05.033

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28533052

VL - 35

SP - 3523

EP - 3527

JO - Vaccine

JF - Vaccine

SN - 0264-410X

IS - 28

ER -