An InAs0.89Sb0.11 photovoltaic detector that operates at room temperature in the 2.5-5 mu m mid-infrared wavelength region is reported. The photodiode has an extended spectral response compared with other currently available III-V room-temperature detectors. In order to accommodate the large lattice mismatch between the InAs0.89Sb0.11 active region and the InAs substrate, a buffer layer with an intermediate composition was introduced into the structure. In this way, we obtained room-temperature photodiodes with a cutoff wavelength near 5 mu m, a peak responsivity of 0.8 A/W, and a detectivity of 1.26 x 10(9) cm Hz(1/2)/W. These devices could be effectively used as the basis of an optical sensor for the environmental monitoring of carbon monoxide at 4.6 mu m, or as a replacement for PbSe photoconductors. (C) 2000 American Institute of Physics. [S0003-6951(00)02332-9].
Copyright 2000 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in Applied Physics Letters, 77 (6), 2000 and may be found at http://link.aip.org/link/?APPLAB/77/872/1