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Seasonal changes in the physiological activity of regeneration under a natural light gradient in a Pinus pinea regular stand

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Seasonal changes in the physiological activity of regeneration under a natural light gradient in a Pinus pinea regular stand. / Pardos, M.; Puertolas Simon, Jaime; Madrigal, G.; Garriga, E.; de Blas, S.; Calama, R.

In: Forest Systems, Vol. 19, No. 3, 12.2010, p. 367-380.

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Pardos, M. ; Puertolas Simon, Jaime ; Madrigal, G. ; Garriga, E. ; de Blas, S. ; Calama, R. / Seasonal changes in the physiological activity of regeneration under a natural light gradient in a Pinus pinea regular stand. In: Forest Systems. 2010 ; Vol. 19, No. 3. pp. 367-380.

Bibtex

@article{af0084df42764a0184f4831c65f42f83,
title = "Seasonal changes in the physiological activity of regeneration under a natural light gradient in a Pinus pinea regular stand",
abstract = "Seasonal courses of chlorophyll a fluorescence, gas exchange parameters and water status, joined to environmental variables, were measured in four age classes of stone pine (Pinus pinea L.) natural regeneration, selected within a natural light gradient in order to cover the whole range of incident light detected within a stone pine regular stand throughout 2007 and 2008. Selection of light conditions was based a priori on the distance of seedlings to the parent trees, expressed by crown radius distances. One-year old seedlings were worse acclimated to the extreme drought conditions recorded in summer (especially in 2008), showing lower predawn and midday Fv/Fm values, slightly lower photosynthetic rates at midday, lower Phi PSII values, lower water potentials (Psi(pd) and Psi(min)), and high mortality (90%). The oldest seedlings (class 4, 51-200 cm high), although they do not experience the lowest Psi(min). in July 2008, were not able to maintain a positive carbon gain at midday, even showing the lowest photosynthetic rates. However, they rapidly recovered once the climatic conditions were softened in early autumn. During late autumn low Fv/Fm values were found especially in one-year old seedlings, indicating that maximal photochemical efficiency of PSII is sensitive to the autumn temperatures below cero recorded during both years. Thus, stone pine regeneration acclimates its physiology to the seasonal course of temperature and water availability, and this acclimation depended on age class. However, seedling physiology is only slightly affected by differences in light environment, probably related to the low variability recorded in GSF values (0.55 +/- 0.01), due to the low density of the stand. We suggest that such low stand densities cannot assure one-year old seedlings' survival, but are sufficient for older seedlings.",
keywords = "LEAF GAS-EXCHANGE, UV-B RADIATION, PHOTOCHEMICAL EFFICIENCY, QUERCUS-ILEX, SUMMER DROUGHT, natural regeneration, photochemical efficiency, drought, water status, CISTUS-ALBIDUS L., cold, FIELD CONDITIONS, stone pine, STOMATAL CONDUCTANCE, PHOTOSYNTHETIC CAPACITY, WATER-STRESS, gas exchange",
author = "M. Pardos and {Puertolas Simon}, Jaime and G. Madrigal and E. Garriga and {de Blas}, S. and R. Calama",
year = "2010",
month = dec
doi = "10.5424/fs/2010193-9102",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "367--380",
journal = "Forest Systems",
issn = "2171-5068",
publisher = "Instituto Nacional de Investigacion y Tecnologia Agraria y Alimentaria",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Seasonal changes in the physiological activity of regeneration under a natural light gradient in a Pinus pinea regular stand

AU - Pardos, M.

AU - Puertolas Simon, Jaime

AU - Madrigal, G.

AU - Garriga, E.

AU - de Blas, S.

AU - Calama, R.

PY - 2010/12

Y1 - 2010/12

N2 - Seasonal courses of chlorophyll a fluorescence, gas exchange parameters and water status, joined to environmental variables, were measured in four age classes of stone pine (Pinus pinea L.) natural regeneration, selected within a natural light gradient in order to cover the whole range of incident light detected within a stone pine regular stand throughout 2007 and 2008. Selection of light conditions was based a priori on the distance of seedlings to the parent trees, expressed by crown radius distances. One-year old seedlings were worse acclimated to the extreme drought conditions recorded in summer (especially in 2008), showing lower predawn and midday Fv/Fm values, slightly lower photosynthetic rates at midday, lower Phi PSII values, lower water potentials (Psi(pd) and Psi(min)), and high mortality (90%). The oldest seedlings (class 4, 51-200 cm high), although they do not experience the lowest Psi(min). in July 2008, were not able to maintain a positive carbon gain at midday, even showing the lowest photosynthetic rates. However, they rapidly recovered once the climatic conditions were softened in early autumn. During late autumn low Fv/Fm values were found especially in one-year old seedlings, indicating that maximal photochemical efficiency of PSII is sensitive to the autumn temperatures below cero recorded during both years. Thus, stone pine regeneration acclimates its physiology to the seasonal course of temperature and water availability, and this acclimation depended on age class. However, seedling physiology is only slightly affected by differences in light environment, probably related to the low variability recorded in GSF values (0.55 +/- 0.01), due to the low density of the stand. We suggest that such low stand densities cannot assure one-year old seedlings' survival, but are sufficient for older seedlings.

AB - Seasonal courses of chlorophyll a fluorescence, gas exchange parameters and water status, joined to environmental variables, were measured in four age classes of stone pine (Pinus pinea L.) natural regeneration, selected within a natural light gradient in order to cover the whole range of incident light detected within a stone pine regular stand throughout 2007 and 2008. Selection of light conditions was based a priori on the distance of seedlings to the parent trees, expressed by crown radius distances. One-year old seedlings were worse acclimated to the extreme drought conditions recorded in summer (especially in 2008), showing lower predawn and midday Fv/Fm values, slightly lower photosynthetic rates at midday, lower Phi PSII values, lower water potentials (Psi(pd) and Psi(min)), and high mortality (90%). The oldest seedlings (class 4, 51-200 cm high), although they do not experience the lowest Psi(min). in July 2008, were not able to maintain a positive carbon gain at midday, even showing the lowest photosynthetic rates. However, they rapidly recovered once the climatic conditions were softened in early autumn. During late autumn low Fv/Fm values were found especially in one-year old seedlings, indicating that maximal photochemical efficiency of PSII is sensitive to the autumn temperatures below cero recorded during both years. Thus, stone pine regeneration acclimates its physiology to the seasonal course of temperature and water availability, and this acclimation depended on age class. However, seedling physiology is only slightly affected by differences in light environment, probably related to the low variability recorded in GSF values (0.55 +/- 0.01), due to the low density of the stand. We suggest that such low stand densities cannot assure one-year old seedlings' survival, but are sufficient for older seedlings.

KW - LEAF GAS-EXCHANGE

KW - UV-B RADIATION

KW - PHOTOCHEMICAL EFFICIENCY

KW - QUERCUS-ILEX

KW - SUMMER DROUGHT

KW - natural regeneration

KW - photochemical efficiency

KW - drought

KW - water status

KW - CISTUS-ALBIDUS L.

KW - cold

KW - FIELD CONDITIONS

KW - stone pine

KW - STOMATAL CONDUCTANCE

KW - PHOTOSYNTHETIC CAPACITY

KW - WATER-STRESS

KW - gas exchange

U2 - 10.5424/fs/2010193-9102

DO - 10.5424/fs/2010193-9102

M3 - Journal article

VL - 19

SP - 367

EP - 380

JO - Forest Systems

JF - Forest Systems

SN - 2171-5068

IS - 3

ER -