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Seasonal trends in concentrations and fluxes of volatile organic compounds above central London

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Seasonal trends in concentrations and fluxes of volatile organic compounds above central London. / Valach, A. C.; Langford, B.; Nemitz, E.; Mackenzie, Rob; Hewitt, C. N.

In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, Vol. 15, No. 5, 06.03.2015, p. 6601-6644.

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Valach, A. C. ; Langford, B. ; Nemitz, E. ; Mackenzie, Rob ; Hewitt, C. N. / Seasonal trends in concentrations and fluxes of volatile organic compounds above central London. In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions. 2015 ; Vol. 15, No. 5. pp. 6601-6644.

Bibtex

@article{6d6abe0df899490892688d8ca31807c2,
title = "Seasonal trends in concentrations and fluxes of volatile organic compounds above central London",
abstract = "Concentrations and fluxes of seven volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were measured between August and December 2012 at a roof-top site in central London as part of the ClearfLo project (Clean Air for London). VOC concentrations were quantified using a proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometer and fluxes were calculated using a virtual disjunct eddy covariance technique. The median VOC fluxes, including aromatics, oxygenated compounds and isoprene, ranged from 0.07 to 0.33 mg m−2 h−1 and mixing ratios were 7.27 ppb for methanol (m / z 33) and <1 ppb for the remaining compounds. Strong relationships were observed between most VOC fluxes and concentrations with traffic density, but also with photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) and temperature for the oxygenated compounds and isoprene. An estimated 50–90 {\%} of aromatic fluxes were attributable to traffic activity, which showed little seasonal variation, suggesting boundary layer effects or possibly advected pollution may be the primary causes of increased concentrations of aromatics in winter. PAR and temperature-dependent processes accounted for the majority of isoprene, methanol and acetaldehyde fluxes and concentrations in August and September, when fluxes and concentrations were largest. Modelled biogenic isoprene fluxes using the G95 algorithm agreed well with measured fluxes in August and September, due to urban vegetation. Comparisons of estimated annual benzene emissions from the London and National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory agreed well with measured benzene fluxes. Flux footprint analysis indicated emission sources were localized and that boundary layer dynamics and source strengths were responsible for temporal and spatial VOC flux and concentration variability during the measurement period.",
author = "Valach, {A. C.} and B. Langford and E. Nemitz and Rob Mackenzie and Hewitt, {C. N.}",
note = "{\circledC} Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.",
year = "2015",
month = "3",
day = "6",
doi = "10.5194/acpd-15-6601-2015",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "6601--6644",
journal = "Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions",
issn = "1680-7367",
publisher = "Copernicus GmbH",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Seasonal trends in concentrations and fluxes of volatile organic compounds above central London

AU - Valach, A. C.

AU - Langford, B.

AU - Nemitz, E.

AU - Mackenzie, Rob

AU - Hewitt, C. N.

N1 - © Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

PY - 2015/3/6

Y1 - 2015/3/6

N2 - Concentrations and fluxes of seven volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were measured between August and December 2012 at a roof-top site in central London as part of the ClearfLo project (Clean Air for London). VOC concentrations were quantified using a proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometer and fluxes were calculated using a virtual disjunct eddy covariance technique. The median VOC fluxes, including aromatics, oxygenated compounds and isoprene, ranged from 0.07 to 0.33 mg m−2 h−1 and mixing ratios were 7.27 ppb for methanol (m / z 33) and <1 ppb for the remaining compounds. Strong relationships were observed between most VOC fluxes and concentrations with traffic density, but also with photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) and temperature for the oxygenated compounds and isoprene. An estimated 50–90 % of aromatic fluxes were attributable to traffic activity, which showed little seasonal variation, suggesting boundary layer effects or possibly advected pollution may be the primary causes of increased concentrations of aromatics in winter. PAR and temperature-dependent processes accounted for the majority of isoprene, methanol and acetaldehyde fluxes and concentrations in August and September, when fluxes and concentrations were largest. Modelled biogenic isoprene fluxes using the G95 algorithm agreed well with measured fluxes in August and September, due to urban vegetation. Comparisons of estimated annual benzene emissions from the London and National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory agreed well with measured benzene fluxes. Flux footprint analysis indicated emission sources were localized and that boundary layer dynamics and source strengths were responsible for temporal and spatial VOC flux and concentration variability during the measurement period.

AB - Concentrations and fluxes of seven volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were measured between August and December 2012 at a roof-top site in central London as part of the ClearfLo project (Clean Air for London). VOC concentrations were quantified using a proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometer and fluxes were calculated using a virtual disjunct eddy covariance technique. The median VOC fluxes, including aromatics, oxygenated compounds and isoprene, ranged from 0.07 to 0.33 mg m−2 h−1 and mixing ratios were 7.27 ppb for methanol (m / z 33) and <1 ppb for the remaining compounds. Strong relationships were observed between most VOC fluxes and concentrations with traffic density, but also with photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) and temperature for the oxygenated compounds and isoprene. An estimated 50–90 % of aromatic fluxes were attributable to traffic activity, which showed little seasonal variation, suggesting boundary layer effects or possibly advected pollution may be the primary causes of increased concentrations of aromatics in winter. PAR and temperature-dependent processes accounted for the majority of isoprene, methanol and acetaldehyde fluxes and concentrations in August and September, when fluxes and concentrations were largest. Modelled biogenic isoprene fluxes using the G95 algorithm agreed well with measured fluxes in August and September, due to urban vegetation. Comparisons of estimated annual benzene emissions from the London and National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory agreed well with measured benzene fluxes. Flux footprint analysis indicated emission sources were localized and that boundary layer dynamics and source strengths were responsible for temporal and spatial VOC flux and concentration variability during the measurement period.

U2 - 10.5194/acpd-15-6601-2015

DO - 10.5194/acpd-15-6601-2015

M3 - Journal article

VL - 15

SP - 6601

EP - 6644

JO - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions

JF - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions

SN - 1680-7367

IS - 5

ER -