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Second rate or a second chance?: Assessing biomass and biodiversity recovery in regenerating Amazonian forests

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Second rate or a second chance? Assessing biomass and biodiversity recovery in regenerating Amazonian forests. / Lennox, Gareth Daniel; Gardner, Toby A.; Thomson, James R.; Ferreira, Joice; De Berenguer Cesar, Erika; Lees, Alexander C.; Mac Nally, Ralph; Aragão, Luiz; de Barros Ferraz, Silvio Frosini; Louzada, Julio ; Moura, Nargila; Fonseca Oliveira, Victor Hugo; Pardini, Renata; Solar, Ricardo R. C.; Vaz-de-Mello, Fernando Z.; Vieira, Ima C. G.; Barlow, Bernard Josiah.

In: Global Change Biology, Vol. 24, No. 12, 12.2018, p. 5680-5694.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Lennox, GD, Gardner, TA, Thomson, JR, Ferreira, J, De Berenguer Cesar, E, Lees, AC, Mac Nally, R, Aragão, L, de Barros Ferraz, SF, Louzada, J, Moura, N, Fonseca Oliveira, VH, Pardini, R, Solar, RRC, Vaz-de-Mello, FZ, Vieira, ICG & Barlow, BJ 2018, 'Second rate or a second chance? Assessing biomass and biodiversity recovery in regenerating Amazonian forests', Global Change Biology, vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 5680-5694. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14443

APA

Lennox, G. D., Gardner, T. A., Thomson, J. R., Ferreira, J., De Berenguer Cesar, E., Lees, A. C., Mac Nally, R., Aragão, L., de Barros Ferraz, S. F., Louzada, J., Moura, N., Fonseca Oliveira, V. H., Pardini, R., Solar, R. R. C., Vaz-de-Mello, F. Z., Vieira, I. C. G., & Barlow, B. J. (2018). Second rate or a second chance? Assessing biomass and biodiversity recovery in regenerating Amazonian forests. Global Change Biology, 24(12), 5680-5694. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14443

Vancouver

Author

Lennox, Gareth Daniel ; Gardner, Toby A. ; Thomson, James R. ; Ferreira, Joice ; De Berenguer Cesar, Erika ; Lees, Alexander C. ; Mac Nally, Ralph ; Aragão, Luiz ; de Barros Ferraz, Silvio Frosini ; Louzada, Julio ; Moura, Nargila ; Fonseca Oliveira, Victor Hugo ; Pardini, Renata ; Solar, Ricardo R. C. ; Vaz-de-Mello, Fernando Z. ; Vieira, Ima C. G. ; Barlow, Bernard Josiah. / Second rate or a second chance? Assessing biomass and biodiversity recovery in regenerating Amazonian forests. In: Global Change Biology. 2018 ; Vol. 24, No. 12. pp. 5680-5694.

Bibtex

@article{f806a4126b254767b06e7e70331a8792,
title = "Second rate or a second chance?: Assessing biomass and biodiversity recovery in regenerating Amazonian forests",
abstract = "Secondary forests (SFs) regenerating on previously deforested land account for large, expanding areas of tropical forest cover. Given that tropical forests rank among Earth{\textquoteright}s most important reservoirs of carbon and biodiversity, SFs play an increasingly pivotal role in the carbon cycle and as potential habitat for forest biota. Nevertheless, their capacity to regain the biotic attributes of undisturbed primary forests (UPFs) remains poorly understood. Here, we provide a comprehensive assessment of SF recovery, using extensive tropical biodiversity, biomass, and environmental datasets. These data, collected in 59 naturally regenerating SFs and 30 co-located UPFs in the eastern Amazon, cover >1,600 large- and small-stemmed plant, bird, and dung beetles species and a suite of forest structure, landscape context, and topoedaphic predictors. After up to 40 years of regeneration, the SFs we surveyed showed a high degree of biodiversity resilience, recovering, on average among taxa, 88% and 85% mean UPF species richness and composition, respectively. Across the first 20 years of succession, the period for which we have accurate SF age data, biomass recovered at 1.2% per year, equivalent to a carbon uptake rate of 2.25 Mg/ha per year, while, on average, species richness and composition recovered at 2.6% and 2.3% per year, respectively. For all taxonomic groups, biomass was strongly associated with SF species distributions. However, other variables describing habitat complexity—canopy cover and understory stem density—were equally important occurrence predictors for most taxa. Species responses to biomass revealed a successional transition at approximately 75 Mg/ha, marking the influx of high-conservation-value forest species. Overall, our results show that naturally regenerating SFs can accumulate substantial amounts of carbon and support many forest species. However, given that the surveyed SFs failed to return to a typical UPF state, SFs are not substitutes for UPFs. {\textcopyright} 2018 The Authors. Global Change Biology Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd",
keywords = "Amazon, biodiversity, biomass, carbon, forest succession, secondary forests, species composition, species richness, Aves, Coleoptera",
author = "Lennox, {Gareth Daniel} and Gardner, {Toby A.} and Thomson, {James R.} and Joice Ferreira and {De Berenguer Cesar}, Erika and Lees, {Alexander C.} and {Mac Nally}, Ralph and Luiz Arag{\~a}o and {de Barros Ferraz}, {Silvio Frosini} and Julio Louzada and Nargila Moura and {Fonseca Oliveira}, {Victor Hugo} and Renata Pardini and Solar, {Ricardo R. C.} and Vaz-de-Mello, {Fernando Z.} and Vieira, {Ima C. G.} and Barlow, {Bernard Josiah}",
year = "2018",
month = dec
doi = "10.1111/gcb.14443",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "5680--5694",
journal = "Global Change Biology",
issn = "1354-1013",
publisher = "Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Second rate or a second chance?

T2 - Assessing biomass and biodiversity recovery in regenerating Amazonian forests

AU - Lennox, Gareth Daniel

AU - Gardner, Toby A.

AU - Thomson, James R.

AU - Ferreira, Joice

AU - De Berenguer Cesar, Erika

AU - Lees, Alexander C.

AU - Mac Nally, Ralph

AU - Aragão, Luiz

AU - de Barros Ferraz, Silvio Frosini

AU - Louzada, Julio

AU - Moura, Nargila

AU - Fonseca Oliveira, Victor Hugo

AU - Pardini, Renata

AU - Solar, Ricardo R. C.

AU - Vaz-de-Mello, Fernando Z.

AU - Vieira, Ima C. G.

AU - Barlow, Bernard Josiah

PY - 2018/12

Y1 - 2018/12

N2 - Secondary forests (SFs) regenerating on previously deforested land account for large, expanding areas of tropical forest cover. Given that tropical forests rank among Earth’s most important reservoirs of carbon and biodiversity, SFs play an increasingly pivotal role in the carbon cycle and as potential habitat for forest biota. Nevertheless, their capacity to regain the biotic attributes of undisturbed primary forests (UPFs) remains poorly understood. Here, we provide a comprehensive assessment of SF recovery, using extensive tropical biodiversity, biomass, and environmental datasets. These data, collected in 59 naturally regenerating SFs and 30 co-located UPFs in the eastern Amazon, cover >1,600 large- and small-stemmed plant, bird, and dung beetles species and a suite of forest structure, landscape context, and topoedaphic predictors. After up to 40 years of regeneration, the SFs we surveyed showed a high degree of biodiversity resilience, recovering, on average among taxa, 88% and 85% mean UPF species richness and composition, respectively. Across the first 20 years of succession, the period for which we have accurate SF age data, biomass recovered at 1.2% per year, equivalent to a carbon uptake rate of 2.25 Mg/ha per year, while, on average, species richness and composition recovered at 2.6% and 2.3% per year, respectively. For all taxonomic groups, biomass was strongly associated with SF species distributions. However, other variables describing habitat complexity—canopy cover and understory stem density—were equally important occurrence predictors for most taxa. Species responses to biomass revealed a successional transition at approximately 75 Mg/ha, marking the influx of high-conservation-value forest species. Overall, our results show that naturally regenerating SFs can accumulate substantial amounts of carbon and support many forest species. However, given that the surveyed SFs failed to return to a typical UPF state, SFs are not substitutes for UPFs. © 2018 The Authors. Global Change Biology Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd

AB - Secondary forests (SFs) regenerating on previously deforested land account for large, expanding areas of tropical forest cover. Given that tropical forests rank among Earth’s most important reservoirs of carbon and biodiversity, SFs play an increasingly pivotal role in the carbon cycle and as potential habitat for forest biota. Nevertheless, their capacity to regain the biotic attributes of undisturbed primary forests (UPFs) remains poorly understood. Here, we provide a comprehensive assessment of SF recovery, using extensive tropical biodiversity, biomass, and environmental datasets. These data, collected in 59 naturally regenerating SFs and 30 co-located UPFs in the eastern Amazon, cover >1,600 large- and small-stemmed plant, bird, and dung beetles species and a suite of forest structure, landscape context, and topoedaphic predictors. After up to 40 years of regeneration, the SFs we surveyed showed a high degree of biodiversity resilience, recovering, on average among taxa, 88% and 85% mean UPF species richness and composition, respectively. Across the first 20 years of succession, the period for which we have accurate SF age data, biomass recovered at 1.2% per year, equivalent to a carbon uptake rate of 2.25 Mg/ha per year, while, on average, species richness and composition recovered at 2.6% and 2.3% per year, respectively. For all taxonomic groups, biomass was strongly associated with SF species distributions. However, other variables describing habitat complexity—canopy cover and understory stem density—were equally important occurrence predictors for most taxa. Species responses to biomass revealed a successional transition at approximately 75 Mg/ha, marking the influx of high-conservation-value forest species. Overall, our results show that naturally regenerating SFs can accumulate substantial amounts of carbon and support many forest species. However, given that the surveyed SFs failed to return to a typical UPF state, SFs are not substitutes for UPFs. © 2018 The Authors. Global Change Biology Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd

KW - Amazon

KW - biodiversity

KW - biomass

KW - carbon

KW - forest succession

KW - secondary forests

KW - species composition

KW - species richness

KW - Aves

KW - Coleoptera

U2 - 10.1111/gcb.14443

DO - 10.1111/gcb.14443

M3 - Journal article

VL - 24

SP - 5680

EP - 5694

JO - Global Change Biology

JF - Global Change Biology

SN - 1354-1013

IS - 12

ER -