We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK


93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Sedimentary record of polychlorinated naphthale...
View graph of relations

« Back

Sedimentary record of polychlorinated naphthalene concentrations and deposition fluxes in a dated Lake Core.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


Journal publication date1/01/2000
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Number of pages6
Original languageEnglish


Polychlorinated naphthalene (PCN) concentrations and fluxes were measured in a dated core from the profundal sediments of Esthwaite Water, a seasonally anoxic semirural lake in northwest England. The vertical profile shows that the ΣPCN flux remained fairly constant at 0.4−0.6 μg m-2 y-1 from depth until the early 1940s, escalating sharply thereafter to a subsurface maximum of 12 μg m-2 y-1 in the late 1950s to mid-1960s followed by a 4-fold decrease to the sediment−water interface. The ΣPCN maximum predates the ΣPCB maximum by 20 years, broadly consistent with the time lapse in the production and wide use of both compounds. Furthermore, there was a secondary peak in the profiles of both compound classes corresponding to the period of maximum input of the other compound class. This may be a result of PCNs present as impurities in the manufacture of PCBs and vice versa. The vertical profiles of the individual PCN homologue groups closely followed that of the ΣPCN profile with no overall change in the mass percent contribution of individual PCN congeners throughout the core. To our knowledge, this is the first study to reconstruct the historical record of PCNs in the environment.