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Sensitive morphological characterization of oriented high‐density lipoprotein nanoparticles using 31P NMR spectroscopy

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>5/10/2020
<mark>Journal</mark>Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Issue number41
Volume59
Number of pages5
Pages (from-to)18126-18130
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date15/06/20
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

The biological function of high‐density lipoprotein (HDL) nanoparticles, the so‐called good cholesterol that is associated with a low risk of heart disease, depends on their composition, morphology and size. The morphology of HDL particles composed of apolipoproteins, lipids and cholesterol is routinely visualised by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), but higher‐resolution tools are needed to observe more subtle structural differences between particles of different composition. Here, reconstituted HDL formulations are oriented on glass substrates and solid‐state 31 P NMR spectroscopy is shown to be highly sensitive to the surface curvature of the lipid headgroups. The spectra report potentially functionally important differences in the morphology of different HDL preparations that are not detected by TEM. This method provides new morphological insights into HDL comprising a naturally‐occurring apolipoprotein A‐I mutant, which may be linked to its atheroprotective properties, and holds promise as a future research tool in the clinical analysis of plasma HDL.