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Significance of black carbon in the sediment–water partitioning of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in the Indus River, Pakistan

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  • Usman Ali
  • Anam Bajwa
  • Muhammad Jamshed Iqbal Chaudhry
  • Adeel Mahmood
  • Jabir Hussain Syed
  • Jun Li
  • Gan Zhang
  • Kevin Christopher Jones
  • Riffat Naseem Malik
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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>04/2016
<mark>Journal</mark>Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Volume126
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)177-185
Publication statusPublished
Early online date4/01/16
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

This study was conducted with the aim of assessing the levels and black carbon mediated sediment–water partitioning of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) from the Indus River. ∑OCPs ranged between 52−285 ng L−1 and 5.6–29.2 ng g−1 in water and sediment samples respectively. However, the ranges of sedimentary fraction of total organic carbon (fTOC) and black carbon (fBC) were 0.82–2.26% and 0.04–0.5% respectively. Spatially, OCPs concentrations were higher at upstream sites as compared to downstream sites. Source diagnostic ratios indicated the technical usage of HCH (α-HCH/γ-HCH>4) and significant presence of DDT metabolites with fresh inputs into the Indus River as indicated by the ratios of (DDE+DDD)/∑DDTs (0.27–0.96). The partitioning of OCPs between the sediments and water can be explained by two carbon Freundlich adsorption model which included both organic carbon and black carbon pools as partitioning media.