Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Size-fractionated labile trace elements in the ...
View graph of relations

Size-fractionated labile trace elements in the Northwest Pacific and Southern Oceans

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Size-fractionated labile trace elements in the Northwest Pacific and Southern Oceans. / Baeyens, W.; Bowie, A. R.; Buesseler, K.; Elskens, M.; Gao, Y.; Lamborg, C.; Leermakers, M.; Remenyi, T.; Zhang, Hao.

In: Marine Chemistry, Vol. 126, No. 1-4, 20.09.2011, p. 108-113.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Baeyens, W, Bowie, AR, Buesseler, K, Elskens, M, Gao, Y, Lamborg, C, Leermakers, M, Remenyi, T & Zhang, H 2011, 'Size-fractionated labile trace elements in the Northwest Pacific and Southern Oceans', Marine Chemistry, vol. 126, no. 1-4, pp. 108-113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2011.04.004

APA

Baeyens, W., Bowie, A. R., Buesseler, K., Elskens, M., Gao, Y., Lamborg, C., Leermakers, M., Remenyi, T., & Zhang, H. (2011). Size-fractionated labile trace elements in the Northwest Pacific and Southern Oceans. Marine Chemistry, 126(1-4), 108-113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2011.04.004

Vancouver

Baeyens W, Bowie AR, Buesseler K, Elskens M, Gao Y, Lamborg C et al. Size-fractionated labile trace elements in the Northwest Pacific and Southern Oceans. Marine Chemistry. 2011 Sep 20;126(1-4):108-113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2011.04.004

Author

Baeyens, W. ; Bowie, A. R. ; Buesseler, K. ; Elskens, M. ; Gao, Y. ; Lamborg, C. ; Leermakers, M. ; Remenyi, T. ; Zhang, Hao. / Size-fractionated labile trace elements in the Northwest Pacific and Southern Oceans. In: Marine Chemistry. 2011 ; Vol. 126, No. 1-4. pp. 108-113.

Bibtex

@article{12e1a71362254230876d376785cba59e,
title = "Size-fractionated labile trace elements in the Northwest Pacific and Southern Oceans",
abstract = "Photosynthesis by marine phytoplankton requires bioavailable forms of several trace elements that are found in extremely low concentrations in the open ocean. We have compared the concentration, lability and size distribution (<1 nm and <10 nm) of a suite of trace elements that are thought to be limiting to primary productivity as well as a toxic element (Pb) in two High Nutrient Low Chlorophyll (HNLC) regions using a new dynamic speciation technique, Diffusive Gradients in Thin-film (DGT). The labile species trapped within the DGT probes have a size that is smaller or similar than the pore size of algal cell walls and thus present a proxy for bioavailable species.Total Dissolvable trace element concentrations (TD concentration) varied between 0.05 nM (Co) and 4.0 nM (Ni) at K2 (Northwest Pacific Ocean) and between 0.026 nM (Co) and 4.7 nM (Ni) in the Southern Ocean. The smallest size fractionated labile concentrations (<1 nm) observed at Southern Ocean sampling stations ranged between 0.002 nM (Co) and 2.1 nM (Ni). Moreover, large differences in bioavailable fractions (ratio of labile to TD concentration) were observed between the trace elements. In the Northwest Pacific Ocean Fe, Cu and Mn had lower labile fractions (between 10 and 44%) than Co, Cd, Ni and Pb (between 80 and 100%). In the Southern Ocean a similar trend was observed, and in addition: (1) Co, Cd, Ni and Pb have lower labile fractions in the Southern Ocean than in the Northwest Pacific and (2) the ratios of <1 nm to dissolvable element concentrations at some Southern Ocean stations were very low and varied between 4 and16%. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "Trace elements, Speciation , Bioavailability , Pacific Ocean , Southern Ocean",
author = "W. Baeyens and Bowie, {A. R.} and K. Buesseler and M. Elskens and Y. Gao and C. Lamborg and M. Leermakers and T. Remenyi and Hao Zhang",
year = "2011",
month = sep,
day = "20",
doi = "10.1016/j.marchem.2011.04.004",
language = "English",
volume = "126",
pages = "108--113",
journal = "Marine Chemistry",
issn = "0304-4203",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Size-fractionated labile trace elements in the Northwest Pacific and Southern Oceans

AU - Baeyens, W.

AU - Bowie, A. R.

AU - Buesseler, K.

AU - Elskens, M.

AU - Gao, Y.

AU - Lamborg, C.

AU - Leermakers, M.

AU - Remenyi, T.

AU - Zhang, Hao

PY - 2011/9/20

Y1 - 2011/9/20

N2 - Photosynthesis by marine phytoplankton requires bioavailable forms of several trace elements that are found in extremely low concentrations in the open ocean. We have compared the concentration, lability and size distribution (<1 nm and <10 nm) of a suite of trace elements that are thought to be limiting to primary productivity as well as a toxic element (Pb) in two High Nutrient Low Chlorophyll (HNLC) regions using a new dynamic speciation technique, Diffusive Gradients in Thin-film (DGT). The labile species trapped within the DGT probes have a size that is smaller or similar than the pore size of algal cell walls and thus present a proxy for bioavailable species.Total Dissolvable trace element concentrations (TD concentration) varied between 0.05 nM (Co) and 4.0 nM (Ni) at K2 (Northwest Pacific Ocean) and between 0.026 nM (Co) and 4.7 nM (Ni) in the Southern Ocean. The smallest size fractionated labile concentrations (<1 nm) observed at Southern Ocean sampling stations ranged between 0.002 nM (Co) and 2.1 nM (Ni). Moreover, large differences in bioavailable fractions (ratio of labile to TD concentration) were observed between the trace elements. In the Northwest Pacific Ocean Fe, Cu and Mn had lower labile fractions (between 10 and 44%) than Co, Cd, Ni and Pb (between 80 and 100%). In the Southern Ocean a similar trend was observed, and in addition: (1) Co, Cd, Ni and Pb have lower labile fractions in the Southern Ocean than in the Northwest Pacific and (2) the ratios of <1 nm to dissolvable element concentrations at some Southern Ocean stations were very low and varied between 4 and16%. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - Photosynthesis by marine phytoplankton requires bioavailable forms of several trace elements that are found in extremely low concentrations in the open ocean. We have compared the concentration, lability and size distribution (<1 nm and <10 nm) of a suite of trace elements that are thought to be limiting to primary productivity as well as a toxic element (Pb) in two High Nutrient Low Chlorophyll (HNLC) regions using a new dynamic speciation technique, Diffusive Gradients in Thin-film (DGT). The labile species trapped within the DGT probes have a size that is smaller or similar than the pore size of algal cell walls and thus present a proxy for bioavailable species.Total Dissolvable trace element concentrations (TD concentration) varied between 0.05 nM (Co) and 4.0 nM (Ni) at K2 (Northwest Pacific Ocean) and between 0.026 nM (Co) and 4.7 nM (Ni) in the Southern Ocean. The smallest size fractionated labile concentrations (<1 nm) observed at Southern Ocean sampling stations ranged between 0.002 nM (Co) and 2.1 nM (Ni). Moreover, large differences in bioavailable fractions (ratio of labile to TD concentration) were observed between the trace elements. In the Northwest Pacific Ocean Fe, Cu and Mn had lower labile fractions (between 10 and 44%) than Co, Cd, Ni and Pb (between 80 and 100%). In the Southern Ocean a similar trend was observed, and in addition: (1) Co, Cd, Ni and Pb have lower labile fractions in the Southern Ocean than in the Northwest Pacific and (2) the ratios of <1 nm to dissolvable element concentrations at some Southern Ocean stations were very low and varied between 4 and16%. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KW - Trace elements

KW - Speciation

KW - Bioavailability

KW - Pacific Ocean

KW - Southern Ocean

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80051942000&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.marchem.2011.04.004

DO - 10.1016/j.marchem.2011.04.004

M3 - Journal article

VL - 126

SP - 108

EP - 113

JO - Marine Chemistry

JF - Marine Chemistry

SN - 0304-4203

IS - 1-4

ER -