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Smooth pursuit and antisaccade eye movements in siblings discordant for schizophrenia.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

  • Ulrich Ettinger
  • Veena Kumari
  • Trevor J. Crawford
  • Philip J. Corr
  • Mrigendra Das
  • Elizabeth Zachariah
  • Catherine Hughes
  • Alex L. Sumich
  • Sophia Rabe-Hesketh
  • Tonmoy Sharma
Journal publication date03/2004
JournalJournal of Psychiatric Research
Journal number2
Volume38
Number of pages8
Pages177-184
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Smooth pursuit eye movement (SPEM) and antisaccade deficits have been proposed as endophenotypes in the search for schizophrenia genes. We assessed these measures in 24 schizophrenia patients, 24 of their healthy siblings, and 24 healthy controls closely matched to the siblings. Between-group differences were assessed using a random effects regression model taking into account the relatedness between patients and siblings. Patients showed reduced SPEM gain, increased frequency of saccades during pursuit, increased antisaccade error rate, and reduced antisaccade gain compared to controls. Siblings performed intermediate, i.e. between patients and controls, on most measures, but were particularly characterised by reduced antisaccade gain. SPEM gain at one target velocity was significantly correlated between patients and siblings, highlighting the necessity of taking into account within-family correlations in the statistical analysis of between-group differences. It is concluded that subtle SPEM and antisaccade deficits are observed in clinically unaffected siblings of schizophrenia patients; these deficits may be useful markers of genetic liability to schizophrenia.