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  • SBB Takriti et al

    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Soil Biology and Biochemistry. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 121, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2018.02.022

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Soil organic matter quality exerts a stronger control than stoichiometry on microbial substrate use efficiency along a latitudinal transect

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Soil organic matter quality exerts a stronger control than stoichiometry on microbial substrate use efficiency along a latitudinal transect. / Takriti, Mounir; Wild, Birgit; Schnecker, Jörg; Mooshammer, Maria; Knoltsch, Anna; Lashchinskiy, Nikolay; Eloy Alves, Ricardo J.; Gentsch, Norman; Gittel, Antje; Mikutta, Robert; Wanek, Wolfgang; Richter, Andreas.

In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Vol. 121, 06.2018, p. 212-220.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Takriti, M, Wild, B, Schnecker, J, Mooshammer, M, Knoltsch, A, Lashchinskiy, N, Eloy Alves, RJ, Gentsch, N, Gittel, A, Mikutta, R, Wanek, W & Richter, A 2018, 'Soil organic matter quality exerts a stronger control than stoichiometry on microbial substrate use efficiency along a latitudinal transect', Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 121, pp. 212-220. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2018.02.022

APA

Takriti, M., Wild, B., Schnecker, J., Mooshammer, M., Knoltsch, A., Lashchinskiy, N., Eloy Alves, R. J., Gentsch, N., Gittel, A., Mikutta, R., Wanek, W., & Richter, A. (2018). Soil organic matter quality exerts a stronger control than stoichiometry on microbial substrate use efficiency along a latitudinal transect. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 121, 212-220. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2018.02.022

Vancouver

Author

Takriti, Mounir ; Wild, Birgit ; Schnecker, Jörg ; Mooshammer, Maria ; Knoltsch, Anna ; Lashchinskiy, Nikolay ; Eloy Alves, Ricardo J. ; Gentsch, Norman ; Gittel, Antje ; Mikutta, Robert ; Wanek, Wolfgang ; Richter, Andreas. / Soil organic matter quality exerts a stronger control than stoichiometry on microbial substrate use efficiency along a latitudinal transect. In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 2018 ; Vol. 121. pp. 212-220.

Bibtex

@article{16977c37ca6c46b99fe23b7d03c73d63,
title = "Soil organic matter quality exerts a stronger control than stoichiometry on microbial substrate use efficiency along a latitudinal transect",
abstract = "A substantial portion of soil organic matter (SOM) is of microbial origin. The efficiency with which soil mi-croorganisms can convert their substrate carbon (C) into biomass, compared to how much is lost as respiration, thus co-determines the carbon storage potential of soils. Despite increasing insight into soil microbial C cycling, empirical measurements of microbial C processing across biomes and across soil horizons remain sparse. The theory of ecological stoichiometry predicts that microbial carbon use efficiency (CUE), i.e. growth over uptake of organic C, strongly depends on the relative availability of C and nutrients, particularly N, as microorganisms will either respire excess C or conserve C while mineralising excess nutrients. Microbial CUE is thus expected to increase from high to low latitudes and from topsoil to subsoil as the soil C:N and the stoichiometric imbalance between SOM and the microbial biomass decrease. To test these hypotheses, we collected soil samples from the organic topsoil, mineral topsoil, and mineral subsoil of seven sites along a 1500-km latitudinal transect in Western Siberia. As a proxy for CUE, we measured the microbial substrate use efficiency (SUE) of added sub-strates by incubating soil samples with a mixture of 13 C labelled sugars, amino sugars, amino acids, and organic acids and tracing 13 C into microbial biomass and released CO 2 . In addition to soil and microbial C:N stoichio-metry, we also determined the potential extracellular enzyme activities of cellobiohydrolase (CBH) and phenol oxidase (POX) and used the CBH:POX ratio as an indicator of SOM substrate quality. We found an overall decrease of SUE with latitude, corresponding to a decrease in mean annual temperature, in mineral soil horizons. SUE decreased with decreasing stoichiometric imbalance in the organic and mineral topsoil, while a relationship of SUE with soil C:N was only found in the mineral topsoil. However, contrary to our hypothesis, SUE did not increase with soil depth and mineral subsoils displayed lower average SUE than mineral topsoils. Both within individual horizons and across all horizons SUE was strongly correlated with CBH:POX ratio as well as with climate variables. Since enzyme activities likely reflect the chemical properties of SOM, our results indicate that SOM quality exerts a stronger control on SUE than SOM stoichiometry, particularly in subsoils were SOM has been turned over repeatedly and there is little variation in SOM elemental ratios.",
keywords = "Carbon use efficiency, Ecological stoichiometry, Extracellular enzymes, Soil carbon, Carbon cycling",
author = "Mounir Takriti and Birgit Wild and J{\"o}rg Schnecker and Maria Mooshammer and Anna Knoltsch and Nikolay Lashchinskiy and {Eloy Alves}, {Ricardo J.} and Norman Gentsch and Antje Gittel and Robert Mikutta and Wolfgang Wanek and Andreas Richter",
note = "This is the author{\textquoteright}s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Soil Biology and Biochemistry. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 121, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2018.02.022",
year = "2018",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1016/j.soilbio.2018.02.022",
language = "English",
volume = "121",
pages = "212--220",
journal = "Soil Biology and Biochemistry",
issn = "0038-0717",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Soil organic matter quality exerts a stronger control than stoichiometry on microbial substrate use efficiency along a latitudinal transect

AU - Takriti, Mounir

AU - Wild, Birgit

AU - Schnecker, Jörg

AU - Mooshammer, Maria

AU - Knoltsch, Anna

AU - Lashchinskiy, Nikolay

AU - Eloy Alves, Ricardo J.

AU - Gentsch, Norman

AU - Gittel, Antje

AU - Mikutta, Robert

AU - Wanek, Wolfgang

AU - Richter, Andreas

N1 - This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Soil Biology and Biochemistry. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 121, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2018.02.022

PY - 2018/6

Y1 - 2018/6

N2 - A substantial portion of soil organic matter (SOM) is of microbial origin. The efficiency with which soil mi-croorganisms can convert their substrate carbon (C) into biomass, compared to how much is lost as respiration, thus co-determines the carbon storage potential of soils. Despite increasing insight into soil microbial C cycling, empirical measurements of microbial C processing across biomes and across soil horizons remain sparse. The theory of ecological stoichiometry predicts that microbial carbon use efficiency (CUE), i.e. growth over uptake of organic C, strongly depends on the relative availability of C and nutrients, particularly N, as microorganisms will either respire excess C or conserve C while mineralising excess nutrients. Microbial CUE is thus expected to increase from high to low latitudes and from topsoil to subsoil as the soil C:N and the stoichiometric imbalance between SOM and the microbial biomass decrease. To test these hypotheses, we collected soil samples from the organic topsoil, mineral topsoil, and mineral subsoil of seven sites along a 1500-km latitudinal transect in Western Siberia. As a proxy for CUE, we measured the microbial substrate use efficiency (SUE) of added sub-strates by incubating soil samples with a mixture of 13 C labelled sugars, amino sugars, amino acids, and organic acids and tracing 13 C into microbial biomass and released CO 2 . In addition to soil and microbial C:N stoichio-metry, we also determined the potential extracellular enzyme activities of cellobiohydrolase (CBH) and phenol oxidase (POX) and used the CBH:POX ratio as an indicator of SOM substrate quality. We found an overall decrease of SUE with latitude, corresponding to a decrease in mean annual temperature, in mineral soil horizons. SUE decreased with decreasing stoichiometric imbalance in the organic and mineral topsoil, while a relationship of SUE with soil C:N was only found in the mineral topsoil. However, contrary to our hypothesis, SUE did not increase with soil depth and mineral subsoils displayed lower average SUE than mineral topsoils. Both within individual horizons and across all horizons SUE was strongly correlated with CBH:POX ratio as well as with climate variables. Since enzyme activities likely reflect the chemical properties of SOM, our results indicate that SOM quality exerts a stronger control on SUE than SOM stoichiometry, particularly in subsoils were SOM has been turned over repeatedly and there is little variation in SOM elemental ratios.

AB - A substantial portion of soil organic matter (SOM) is of microbial origin. The efficiency with which soil mi-croorganisms can convert their substrate carbon (C) into biomass, compared to how much is lost as respiration, thus co-determines the carbon storage potential of soils. Despite increasing insight into soil microbial C cycling, empirical measurements of microbial C processing across biomes and across soil horizons remain sparse. The theory of ecological stoichiometry predicts that microbial carbon use efficiency (CUE), i.e. growth over uptake of organic C, strongly depends on the relative availability of C and nutrients, particularly N, as microorganisms will either respire excess C or conserve C while mineralising excess nutrients. Microbial CUE is thus expected to increase from high to low latitudes and from topsoil to subsoil as the soil C:N and the stoichiometric imbalance between SOM and the microbial biomass decrease. To test these hypotheses, we collected soil samples from the organic topsoil, mineral topsoil, and mineral subsoil of seven sites along a 1500-km latitudinal transect in Western Siberia. As a proxy for CUE, we measured the microbial substrate use efficiency (SUE) of added sub-strates by incubating soil samples with a mixture of 13 C labelled sugars, amino sugars, amino acids, and organic acids and tracing 13 C into microbial biomass and released CO 2 . In addition to soil and microbial C:N stoichio-metry, we also determined the potential extracellular enzyme activities of cellobiohydrolase (CBH) and phenol oxidase (POX) and used the CBH:POX ratio as an indicator of SOM substrate quality. We found an overall decrease of SUE with latitude, corresponding to a decrease in mean annual temperature, in mineral soil horizons. SUE decreased with decreasing stoichiometric imbalance in the organic and mineral topsoil, while a relationship of SUE with soil C:N was only found in the mineral topsoil. However, contrary to our hypothesis, SUE did not increase with soil depth and mineral subsoils displayed lower average SUE than mineral topsoils. Both within individual horizons and across all horizons SUE was strongly correlated with CBH:POX ratio as well as with climate variables. Since enzyme activities likely reflect the chemical properties of SOM, our results indicate that SOM quality exerts a stronger control on SUE than SOM stoichiometry, particularly in subsoils were SOM has been turned over repeatedly and there is little variation in SOM elemental ratios.

KW - Carbon use efficiency

KW - Ecological stoichiometry

KW - Extracellular enzymes

KW - Soil carbon

KW - Carbon cycling

U2 - 10.1016/j.soilbio.2018.02.022

DO - 10.1016/j.soilbio.2018.02.022

M3 - Journal article

VL - 121

SP - 212

EP - 220

JO - Soil Biology and Biochemistry

JF - Soil Biology and Biochemistry

SN - 0038-0717

ER -