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Spectrophotometric Determination of Rubisco Activity and Activation State in Leaf Extracts

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Published
Publication date6/07/2018
Host publicationPhotosynthesis: Methods and Protocols
EditorsSarah Covshoff
Place of PublicationNiceville, FL, USA
PublisherSpringer Science + Business Media
Pages239-250
Number of pages12
Volume1770
ISBN (Electronic)9781493977864
ISBN (Print)9781493977857
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Rubisco plays a central role in photosynthesis and, due to its catalytic inefficiencies,frequently limits CO2 assimilation in fully illuminated leaves at the top of unstressed crop canopies.The CO2-fixing enzyme is heavily regulated and not all the enzyme present in the leaf is active at any given moment. In this chapter,a spectrophotometric assay is described for measuring Rubisco activity and activation state in leaf extracts.Most of the assay components are available commercially and others can be produced by established protocols, making adoption of the assay achievable by most plant biochemistry laboratories.Its relative high-throughput capacity enables large-scale experiments aimed at screening germplasm for improved Rubisco function.