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Structural studies of nanocrystalline oxides

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>31/10/2006
<mark>Journal</mark>Solid State Ionics
Issue number26-32
Volume177
Number of pages8
Pages (from-to)2519-2526
Publication statusPublished
Original languageEnglish
Event15th International Conference on Solid State Ionics - Baden Baden, Germany
Duration: 20/05/2005 → …

Conference

Conference15th International Conference on Solid State Ionics
CountryGermany
CityBaden Baden
Period20/05/05 → …

Abstract

We report the results of structural studies of samples of nanocrystalline tin oxide, zirconia, magnesia, alumina and silica, prepared by sol-gel techniques (including the addition of silica to restrict grain growth) and high-energy ball milling. XRD, EXAFS/YANES and MAS-NMR analyses were used to characterise the materials. EXAFS showed that nanocrystals of ZrO2 and SnO2 prepared by sol-gel methods are highly crystalline, consistent with previous EXAFS studies of sol-gel prepared nanocrystalline oxides [A.V Chadwick, M.J. Pooley, K.E. Rammutla, S.L.P. Savin, A. Rougier, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter, 15 (2003) 43 L; A.V Chadwick, G.E. Rush, in Nanocrystalline Metals and Oxides: Selected Properties and Applications, (Kluwer, New York), (2002), p. 133.]. In contrast, the sol-gel prepared SiO2 appeared amorphous, even after prolonged heating at 1200 degrees C. The EXAFS of the ball-milled samples showed clearly attenuated signals that cannot be attributed solely to particle size. Ball milling of quartz crystals (which have a simple Q(4)) first broadens the NMR line and then generates Q(3) and then Q(2) lines indicating the generation of amorphous materials in the samples.