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Subjective socioeconomic status and self-rated health in adults with and without intellectual disability

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstract

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>31/07/2019
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Issue number7
Volume63
Number of pages2
Pages (from-to)796-797
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date27/06/19
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Introduction:Subjective socioeconomic status (SSS), an individual’sunderstanding of their socioeconomic position, is acknowledged in thegeneral population as a robust predictor of health over and aboveobjective socioeconomic indicators. This has not been investigated inadults with intellectual disability (ID).Methods:We administered afive-point self-rated health scale and theMacArthur Scale of Subjective Social Status to a total population sampleof adults with ID (n=217), and to a random stratified sample of adultswithout ID (n =2,350). The MacArthur Scale of Subjective Social Statusis in a ladder format with ten rungs. It is an overall measure of SSS and isassociated with an individual’s place in a societal hierarchy.Results:Eighty-two adults with ID responded independently. In bothgroups, a subjective assessment of one’s ranking on the social hierarchywas correlated with more positive self-rated health - ID populationSpearmanr=0.35,p<0.001; general population Spearmanr=0.34,p<0.001. Further analyses will also be presented.Implications:This data indicates that higher levels of SSS areassociated with more positive self-rated health. Research in appropriately defined samples should use this measure to broaden the evidence baseand further determine if SSS is a robust correlate of health in the ID population.