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Sulfur fixation in wood mapped by synchrotron X-ray studies: implications for environmental archives

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Sulfur fixation in wood mapped by synchrotron X-ray studies : implications for environmental archives. / Fairchild, Ian I; Loader, Neil J; Wynn, Peter M; Frisia, Silvia; Thomas, Peter A; Lageard, Jonathan G A; De Momi, Anna; Hartland, Adam; Borsato, Andrea; La Porta, Nicola; Susini, Jean.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 43, No. 5, 01.03.2009, p. 1310-1315.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Fairchild, II, Loader, NJ, Wynn, PM, Frisia, S, Thomas, PA, Lageard, JGA, De Momi, A, Hartland, A, Borsato, A, La Porta, N & Susini, J 2009, 'Sulfur fixation in wood mapped by synchrotron X-ray studies: implications for environmental archives', Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 1310-1315. https://doi.org/10.1021/es8029297

APA

Fairchild, I. I., Loader, N. J., Wynn, P. M., Frisia, S., Thomas, P. A., Lageard, J. G. A., De Momi, A., Hartland, A., Borsato, A., La Porta, N., & Susini, J. (2009). Sulfur fixation in wood mapped by synchrotron X-ray studies: implications for environmental archives. Environmental Science and Technology, 43(5), 1310-1315. https://doi.org/10.1021/es8029297

Vancouver

Fairchild II, Loader NJ, Wynn PM, Frisia S, Thomas PA, Lageard JGA et al. Sulfur fixation in wood mapped by synchrotron X-ray studies: implications for environmental archives. Environmental Science and Technology. 2009 Mar 1;43(5):1310-1315. https://doi.org/10.1021/es8029297

Author

Fairchild, Ian I ; Loader, Neil J ; Wynn, Peter M ; Frisia, Silvia ; Thomas, Peter A ; Lageard, Jonathan G A ; De Momi, Anna ; Hartland, Adam ; Borsato, Andrea ; La Porta, Nicola ; Susini, Jean. / Sulfur fixation in wood mapped by synchrotron X-ray studies : implications for environmental archives. In: Environmental Science and Technology. 2009 ; Vol. 43, No. 5. pp. 1310-1315.

Bibtex

@article{61d94d472cc9437e80f46f354de059e6,
title = "Sulfur fixation in wood mapped by synchrotron X-ray studies: implications for environmental archives",
abstract = "There is a shortage of archives of sulfur that can be used to investigate industrial orvolcanic pollution in terrestrial catchments, but the role of S as a nutrient, coupled with sparse published evidence, suggests that trees are promising targets. We focused on two conifer species (Picea abies (L.) Karst and Abies alba Miller) from an Alpine site in NE Italy. Bulk analyses of Abies demonstrate that S concentrations were higher in the second half of the 20th century but with some high outliers possibly reflecting particulate impurities. X-ray synchrotron analyses confirmed the observed time trend, which is similar to that of a nearby stalagmite, and reflects an atmospheric pollution record mediated by storage in the soil and ecosystem. S and P were found to be localized in the inner cell wall (ca. 2 microm wide), local thickenings of which probably account for some outlying high values of S in synchrotron studies. S occurs as a mixture of oxidation states (0 to +0.5, +2, +5, and +6) which are consistent in space and time. The results indicate that wood older than a few years contains archive-quality S but that robust conclusions require multiple replicate analyses.",
author = "Fairchild, {Ian I} and Loader, {Neil J} and Wynn, {Peter M} and Silvia Frisia and Thomas, {Peter A} and Lageard, {Jonathan G A} and {De Momi}, Anna and Adam Hartland and Andrea Borsato and {La Porta}, Nicola and Jean Susini",
year = "2009",
month = mar
day = "1",
doi = "10.1021/es8029297",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "1310--1315",
journal = "Environmental Science and Technology",
issn = "0013-936X",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sulfur fixation in wood mapped by synchrotron X-ray studies

T2 - implications for environmental archives

AU - Fairchild, Ian I

AU - Loader, Neil J

AU - Wynn, Peter M

AU - Frisia, Silvia

AU - Thomas, Peter A

AU - Lageard, Jonathan G A

AU - De Momi, Anna

AU - Hartland, Adam

AU - Borsato, Andrea

AU - La Porta, Nicola

AU - Susini, Jean

PY - 2009/3/1

Y1 - 2009/3/1

N2 - There is a shortage of archives of sulfur that can be used to investigate industrial orvolcanic pollution in terrestrial catchments, but the role of S as a nutrient, coupled with sparse published evidence, suggests that trees are promising targets. We focused on two conifer species (Picea abies (L.) Karst and Abies alba Miller) from an Alpine site in NE Italy. Bulk analyses of Abies demonstrate that S concentrations were higher in the second half of the 20th century but with some high outliers possibly reflecting particulate impurities. X-ray synchrotron analyses confirmed the observed time trend, which is similar to that of a nearby stalagmite, and reflects an atmospheric pollution record mediated by storage in the soil and ecosystem. S and P were found to be localized in the inner cell wall (ca. 2 microm wide), local thickenings of which probably account for some outlying high values of S in synchrotron studies. S occurs as a mixture of oxidation states (0 to +0.5, +2, +5, and +6) which are consistent in space and time. The results indicate that wood older than a few years contains archive-quality S but that robust conclusions require multiple replicate analyses.

AB - There is a shortage of archives of sulfur that can be used to investigate industrial orvolcanic pollution in terrestrial catchments, but the role of S as a nutrient, coupled with sparse published evidence, suggests that trees are promising targets. We focused on two conifer species (Picea abies (L.) Karst and Abies alba Miller) from an Alpine site in NE Italy. Bulk analyses of Abies demonstrate that S concentrations were higher in the second half of the 20th century but with some high outliers possibly reflecting particulate impurities. X-ray synchrotron analyses confirmed the observed time trend, which is similar to that of a nearby stalagmite, and reflects an atmospheric pollution record mediated by storage in the soil and ecosystem. S and P were found to be localized in the inner cell wall (ca. 2 microm wide), local thickenings of which probably account for some outlying high values of S in synchrotron studies. S occurs as a mixture of oxidation states (0 to +0.5, +2, +5, and +6) which are consistent in space and time. The results indicate that wood older than a few years contains archive-quality S but that robust conclusions require multiple replicate analyses.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=64349089751&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/es8029297

DO - 10.1021/es8029297

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 19350896

VL - 43

SP - 1310

EP - 1315

JO - Environmental Science and Technology

JF - Environmental Science and Technology

SN - 0013-936X

IS - 5

ER -