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Technical-efficiency analysis of end-of-life care in long-term care facilities within Europe: A cross-sectional study of deceased residents in 6 EU countries (PACE)

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Technical-efficiency analysis of end-of-life care in long-term care facilities within Europe : A cross-sectional study of deceased residents in 6 EU countries (PACE). / PACE consortium.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 13, No. 9, e0204120, 25.09.2018.

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@article{f774c47f03a346f892b4034c0b8ee6b1,
title = "Technical-efficiency analysis of end-of-life care in long-term care facilities within Europe: A cross-sectional study of deceased residents in 6 EU countries (PACE)",
abstract = "Background An ageing population in the EU leads to a higher need of long-term institutional care at the end of life. At the same time, healthcare costs rise while resources remain limited. Consequently, an urgency to extend our knowledge on factors affecting efficiency of long-term care facilities (LTCFs) arises. This study aims to investigate and explain variation in technical efficiency of end-of-life care within and between LTCFs of six EU countries: Belgium (Flanders), England, Finland, Italy, the Netherlands and Poland. In this study, technical efficiency reflects the LTCFs' ability to obtain maximal quality of life (QoL) and quality of dying (QoD) for residents from a given set of resource inputs (personnel and capacity). Methods Cross-sectional data were collected by means of questionnaires on deceased residents identified by LTCFs over a three-month period. An output-oriented data-envelopment analysis (DEA) was performed, producing efficiency scores, incorporating personnel and capacity as input and QoL and QoD as output. Scenario analysis was conducted. Regression analysis was performed on explanatory (country, LTCF type, ownership, availability of palliative care and opioids) and case mix (disease severity) variables. Results 133 LTCFs of only one type (onsite nurses and offsite GPs) were considered in order to reduce heterogeneity. Variation in LTCF efficiency was found across as well as within countries. This variation was not explained by country, ownership, availability of palliative care or opioids. However, in the 'hands-on care at the bedside' scenario, i.e. only taking into account nursing and care assistants as input, Poland (p = 0.00) and Finland (p = 0.04) seemed to be most efficient. Conclusions Efficiency of LTCFs differed extensively across as well as within countries, indicating room for considerable efficiency improvement. Our findings should be interpreted cautiously, as comprehensive comparative EU-wide research is challenging as it is influenced by many factors. {\textcopyright} 2018 Wichmann et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.",
keywords = "opiate derivative, Article, Belgium, controlled study, cross-sectional study, disease severity, dying, England, European Union, exploratory research, Finland, health care facility, health care quality, human, Italy, long term care, Netherlands, nursing care, nursing home patient, palliative therapy, Poland, quality of life, questionnaire, regression analysis, scoring system, terminal care",
author = "{PACE consortium} and A.B. Wichmann and E.M.M. Adang and K.C.P. Vissers and K. Szczerbi{\'n}ska and M. Kyl{\"a}nen and Sheila Payne and G. Gambassi and B.D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen and T. Smets and {Van Den Block}, L. and L. Deliens and M.J.F.J. Vernooij-Dassen and Y. Engels",
year = "2018",
month = sep,
day = "25",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0204120",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
journal = "PLoS ONE",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "9",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Technical-efficiency analysis of end-of-life care in long-term care facilities within Europe

T2 - A cross-sectional study of deceased residents in 6 EU countries (PACE)

AU - PACE consortium

AU - Wichmann, A.B.

AU - Adang, E.M.M.

AU - Vissers, K.C.P.

AU - Szczerbińska, K.

AU - Kylänen, M.

AU - Payne, Sheila

AU - Gambassi, G.

AU - Onwuteaka-Philipsen, B.D.

AU - Smets, T.

AU - Van Den Block, L.

AU - Deliens, L.

AU - Vernooij-Dassen, M.J.F.J.

AU - Engels, Y.

PY - 2018/9/25

Y1 - 2018/9/25

N2 - Background An ageing population in the EU leads to a higher need of long-term institutional care at the end of life. At the same time, healthcare costs rise while resources remain limited. Consequently, an urgency to extend our knowledge on factors affecting efficiency of long-term care facilities (LTCFs) arises. This study aims to investigate and explain variation in technical efficiency of end-of-life care within and between LTCFs of six EU countries: Belgium (Flanders), England, Finland, Italy, the Netherlands and Poland. In this study, technical efficiency reflects the LTCFs' ability to obtain maximal quality of life (QoL) and quality of dying (QoD) for residents from a given set of resource inputs (personnel and capacity). Methods Cross-sectional data were collected by means of questionnaires on deceased residents identified by LTCFs over a three-month period. An output-oriented data-envelopment analysis (DEA) was performed, producing efficiency scores, incorporating personnel and capacity as input and QoL and QoD as output. Scenario analysis was conducted. Regression analysis was performed on explanatory (country, LTCF type, ownership, availability of palliative care and opioids) and case mix (disease severity) variables. Results 133 LTCFs of only one type (onsite nurses and offsite GPs) were considered in order to reduce heterogeneity. Variation in LTCF efficiency was found across as well as within countries. This variation was not explained by country, ownership, availability of palliative care or opioids. However, in the 'hands-on care at the bedside' scenario, i.e. only taking into account nursing and care assistants as input, Poland (p = 0.00) and Finland (p = 0.04) seemed to be most efficient. Conclusions Efficiency of LTCFs differed extensively across as well as within countries, indicating room for considerable efficiency improvement. Our findings should be interpreted cautiously, as comprehensive comparative EU-wide research is challenging as it is influenced by many factors. © 2018 Wichmann et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

AB - Background An ageing population in the EU leads to a higher need of long-term institutional care at the end of life. At the same time, healthcare costs rise while resources remain limited. Consequently, an urgency to extend our knowledge on factors affecting efficiency of long-term care facilities (LTCFs) arises. This study aims to investigate and explain variation in technical efficiency of end-of-life care within and between LTCFs of six EU countries: Belgium (Flanders), England, Finland, Italy, the Netherlands and Poland. In this study, technical efficiency reflects the LTCFs' ability to obtain maximal quality of life (QoL) and quality of dying (QoD) for residents from a given set of resource inputs (personnel and capacity). Methods Cross-sectional data were collected by means of questionnaires on deceased residents identified by LTCFs over a three-month period. An output-oriented data-envelopment analysis (DEA) was performed, producing efficiency scores, incorporating personnel and capacity as input and QoL and QoD as output. Scenario analysis was conducted. Regression analysis was performed on explanatory (country, LTCF type, ownership, availability of palliative care and opioids) and case mix (disease severity) variables. Results 133 LTCFs of only one type (onsite nurses and offsite GPs) were considered in order to reduce heterogeneity. Variation in LTCF efficiency was found across as well as within countries. This variation was not explained by country, ownership, availability of palliative care or opioids. However, in the 'hands-on care at the bedside' scenario, i.e. only taking into account nursing and care assistants as input, Poland (p = 0.00) and Finland (p = 0.04) seemed to be most efficient. Conclusions Efficiency of LTCFs differed extensively across as well as within countries, indicating room for considerable efficiency improvement. Our findings should be interpreted cautiously, as comprehensive comparative EU-wide research is challenging as it is influenced by many factors. © 2018 Wichmann et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

KW - opiate derivative

KW - Article

KW - Belgium

KW - controlled study

KW - cross-sectional study

KW - disease severity

KW - dying

KW - England

KW - European Union

KW - exploratory research

KW - Finland

KW - health care facility

KW - health care quality

KW - human

KW - Italy

KW - long term care

KW - Netherlands

KW - nursing care

KW - nursing home patient

KW - palliative therapy

KW - Poland

KW - quality of life

KW - questionnaire

KW - regression analysis

KW - scoring system

KW - terminal care

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0204120

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0204120

M3 - Journal article

VL - 13

JO - PLoS ONE

JF - PLoS ONE

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 9

M1 - e0204120

ER -