Two salt marsh cores were collected from the Venice Lagoon, Italy, and analysed for PCDD/Fs. The samples were undisturbed and had an approximately constant accumulation rate. Radiochemical chronologies were established for the different core sections. The PCDD/F pattern in the surficial layers was very similar to that of atmospheric deposition measured in the same area. However, the pattern changed with increasing depth and was very different in the deeper sections, where the highest PCDD/F concentrations were measured. This layer was dated around the 1950s. Deeper layers have a profile similar to the surficial one. Undisturbed salt marsh cores appear to be a reliable tool for the reconstruction of temporal trends in the atmospheric deposition of persistent organic pollutants. It is proposed that the trends in the core reflect atmospheric deposition that probably results from the sum of two different contributions: emissions of the industrial district of Porto Marghera on the edge of the lagoon and the regional background.