This volume offers balanced arguments that will help the reader form a reasoned view on the ethical legitimacy of the invocation of the criminal law to regulate medical practice and issues of bioethics. It aims to shed light on the question of who should define what constitutes ethical, and thus lawful medical practice? The judges, the doctors and scientists or someone else? To this end, it analyses how effectively the criminal justice system can, and does operate as a forum for resolving ethical conflict in the delivery of health care? Key questions that will be addressed include: How does the criminal law regulate controversial bioethical areas? Is the use of the criminal law in these areas appropriate or desirable? What effect, positive or negative does the use of the criminal law have when regulating bioethical conflict? The volume will explore criminal law in theory and in practice and the broad field of 'bioethics' rather than the narrower terrain of medical ethics. Whilst numerous chapters will focus on criminal law within the specific context of health care, others will address scientific research and biotechnologies. Authors of chapters from Lancaster University: Sara Fovargue and Suzanne Ost.