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  • Sitko et al 2016 - Dynamics of attachment insecurity and paranoid thoughts - An ESM study

    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Psychiatry Research. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Psychiatry Research, 246, 2016 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.08.057

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The dynamics of attachment insecurity and paranoid thoughts: an experience sampling study

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The dynamics of attachment insecurity and paranoid thoughts : an experience sampling study. / Sitko, Katarzyna; Varese, Filippo; Sellwood, William; A., Hammond,; Bentall, Richard P.

In: Psychiatry Research, Vol. 246, 30.12.2016, p. 32-38.

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Sitko, Katarzyna ; Varese, Filippo ; Sellwood, William ; A., Hammond, ; Bentall, Richard P. / The dynamics of attachment insecurity and paranoid thoughts : an experience sampling study. In: Psychiatry Research. 2016 ; Vol. 246. pp. 32-38.

Bibtex

@article{790f6d03cf2b4e3eb3ed1cccaf11aeae,
title = "The dynamics of attachment insecurity and paranoid thoughts: an experience sampling study",
abstract = "It has been proposed that insecure attachment can have adverse effects on the course of psychosis once symptoms have emerged. There is longitudinal evidence that increased insecure attachment is associated with increased severity of psychotic symptoms. The present study examined whether in the flow of daily life attachment insecurity fluctuates, whether elevated stress precedes the occurrence of attachment insecurity, and whether elevated attachment insecurity precedes the occurrence of paranoia. Twenty clinical participants with a psychosis-spectrum diagnosis and twenty controls were studied over six consecutive days using the experience sampling method (ESM). The findings revealed that fluctuations in attachment insecurity were significantly higher in the clinical group, that elevated stress predicted a subsequent increase in attachment insecurity, and that elevated attachment insecurity predicted a subsequent increase in paranoia; this effect was not observed in auditory hallucinations once co-occurring symptoms were controlled for. Finally, although previous ESM studies have shown that low self-esteem precedes the occurrence of paranoia, attachment insecurity continued to predict paranoia even when self-esteem was controlled for. The findings suggest that attachment security may be associated with a lower risk of paranoia, and that psychological interventions should address attachment beliefs and work towards establishing a sense of attachment security.",
author = "Katarzyna Sitko and Filippo Varese and William Sellwood and Hammond, A. and Bentall, {Richard P.}",
note = "This is the author{\textquoteright}s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Psychiatry Research. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Psychiatry Research, 246, 2016 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.08.057",
year = "2016",
month = dec
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.psychres.2016.08.057",
language = "English",
volume = "246",
pages = "32--38",
journal = "Psychiatry Research",
issn = "0165-1781",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The dynamics of attachment insecurity and paranoid thoughts

T2 - an experience sampling study

AU - Sitko, Katarzyna

AU - Varese, Filippo

AU - Sellwood, William

AU - A., Hammond,

AU - Bentall, Richard P.

N1 - This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Psychiatry Research. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Psychiatry Research, 246, 2016 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.08.057

PY - 2016/12/30

Y1 - 2016/12/30

N2 - It has been proposed that insecure attachment can have adverse effects on the course of psychosis once symptoms have emerged. There is longitudinal evidence that increased insecure attachment is associated with increased severity of psychotic symptoms. The present study examined whether in the flow of daily life attachment insecurity fluctuates, whether elevated stress precedes the occurrence of attachment insecurity, and whether elevated attachment insecurity precedes the occurrence of paranoia. Twenty clinical participants with a psychosis-spectrum diagnosis and twenty controls were studied over six consecutive days using the experience sampling method (ESM). The findings revealed that fluctuations in attachment insecurity were significantly higher in the clinical group, that elevated stress predicted a subsequent increase in attachment insecurity, and that elevated attachment insecurity predicted a subsequent increase in paranoia; this effect was not observed in auditory hallucinations once co-occurring symptoms were controlled for. Finally, although previous ESM studies have shown that low self-esteem precedes the occurrence of paranoia, attachment insecurity continued to predict paranoia even when self-esteem was controlled for. The findings suggest that attachment security may be associated with a lower risk of paranoia, and that psychological interventions should address attachment beliefs and work towards establishing a sense of attachment security.

AB - It has been proposed that insecure attachment can have adverse effects on the course of psychosis once symptoms have emerged. There is longitudinal evidence that increased insecure attachment is associated with increased severity of psychotic symptoms. The present study examined whether in the flow of daily life attachment insecurity fluctuates, whether elevated stress precedes the occurrence of attachment insecurity, and whether elevated attachment insecurity precedes the occurrence of paranoia. Twenty clinical participants with a psychosis-spectrum diagnosis and twenty controls were studied over six consecutive days using the experience sampling method (ESM). The findings revealed that fluctuations in attachment insecurity were significantly higher in the clinical group, that elevated stress predicted a subsequent increase in attachment insecurity, and that elevated attachment insecurity predicted a subsequent increase in paranoia; this effect was not observed in auditory hallucinations once co-occurring symptoms were controlled for. Finally, although previous ESM studies have shown that low self-esteem precedes the occurrence of paranoia, attachment insecurity continued to predict paranoia even when self-esteem was controlled for. The findings suggest that attachment security may be associated with a lower risk of paranoia, and that psychological interventions should address attachment beliefs and work towards establishing a sense of attachment security.

U2 - 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.08.057

DO - 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.08.057

M3 - Journal article

VL - 246

SP - 32

EP - 38

JO - Psychiatry Research

JF - Psychiatry Research

SN - 0165-1781

ER -