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The effect of foreign management and board membership on the performance of foreign acquired Turkish banks

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/06/2015
<mark>Journal</mark>International Journal of Managerial Finance
Issue number3
Volume11
Number of pages29
Pages (from-to)359-387
Publication statusPublished
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Purpose ? The purpose of this paper is to explore the effects of appointing foreign directors on the foreign acquired Turkish banks. Based on the developments in the Turkish banking system and the distinctive features of the Turkish market, the authors examine the appointment of foreign directors in three different levels: as a CEO, chairman and board member. The authors analyse how the appointments of foreign directors in each of these three levels affects the profitability and strategies of foreign acquired banks. Design/methodology/approach ? The authors use the difference-in-difference (DID) model where the authors compare two groups: foreign acquired banks vs domestic banks for a five-year period. By applying the DID model, the authors aim to remove the time invariant individual characteristics of the banks that could be due to the permanent differences between the two groups, as well as biases from comparisons over time that could be due to trends. Findings ? The authors find that the presence of the foreign chairman has a positive effect on the profitability of the foreign acquired bank and on the improvement of the income generated from interest activities, indicating that foreign chairman improves the monitoring of board of directors and brings new skills and experiences. Furthermore, foreign acquired banks are associated with an increase in the income generated from non-interest activities in the fifth year following their acquisitions, showing the introduction of new strategies. The change of the foreign acquired bank?s strategies in the fifth year after acquisition also suggests that it takes time to implement new strategies in a new environment. Originality/value ? Though the effects of foreign board membership on bank?s performance have been previously discussed in literature, this study differentiates in that it distinguishes among different positions, e.g. chairman or CEO when examining the effect of a foreign director on a foreign acquired bank?s performance. In addition, the use of foreign acquired Turkish banks in the sample in this context adds to the general academic literature.