12,000

We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK

93%

93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > The effect of soil: water ratios on the mineral...
View graph of relations

« Back

The effect of soil: water ratios on the mineralisation of phenanthrene: LNAPL mixtures in soil.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date14/03/2003
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Journal number1
Volume220
Number of pages5
Pages29-33
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Contamination of soil by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons is frequently associated with non-aqueous-phase liquids. Measurement of the catabolic potential of a soil or determination of the biodegradable fraction of a contaminant can be done using a slurried soil respirometric system, This work assessed the impact of increasing the concentration of transformer oil and soil:water ratio on the microbial catabolism of [C-14]phenanthrene to (CO2)-C-14 by a phenanthrene-degrading inoculum. Slurrying (1:1, 1:2, 1:3 and 1:5 soil:water ratios) consistently resulted in statistically higher rates and extents of mineralisation than the non-slurried system (2:1 soil:water ratio: P<0.01). The maximum extents of mineralisation observed occurred in the 1:2-1:5 soil:water ratio microcosms irrespective of transformer oil concentration. Transformer oil concentrations investigated displayed no statistically significant effect on total mineralisation (P > 0,05). Soil slurries 1 :2 or greater, but less than 1 :5 (soil: water), are recommended for bioassay determinations of total contaminant bioavailability due to greater overall mineralisation and improved reproducibility. (C) 2003 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.}