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The Effects of Heat Advection on UK Weather and Climate Observations in the Vicinity of Small Urbanized Areas

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The Effects of Heat Advection on UK Weather and Climate Observations in the Vicinity of Small Urbanized Areas. / Bassett, Richard; Cai, Xiaoming; Chapman, Lee; Heaviside, Clare; Thornes, John.

In: Boundary-Layer Meteorology, Vol. 165, No. 1, 10.2017, p. 181-196.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Bassett, R, Cai, X, Chapman, L, Heaviside, C & Thornes, J 2017, 'The Effects of Heat Advection on UK Weather and Climate Observations in the Vicinity of Small Urbanized Areas', Boundary-Layer Meteorology, vol. 165, no. 1, pp. 181-196. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-017-0263-0

APA

Bassett, R., Cai, X., Chapman, L., Heaviside, C., & Thornes, J. (2017). The Effects of Heat Advection on UK Weather and Climate Observations in the Vicinity of Small Urbanized Areas. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 165(1), 181-196. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-017-0263-0

Vancouver

Author

Bassett, Richard ; Cai, Xiaoming ; Chapman, Lee ; Heaviside, Clare ; Thornes, John. / The Effects of Heat Advection on UK Weather and Climate Observations in the Vicinity of Small Urbanized Areas. In: Boundary-Layer Meteorology. 2017 ; Vol. 165, No. 1. pp. 181-196.

Bibtex

@article{07012f9fad1b43c89a745047791904a3,
title = "The Effects of Heat Advection on UK Weather and Climate Observations in the Vicinity of Small Urbanized Areas",
abstract = "Weather and climate networks traditionally follow rigorous siting guidelines, with individual stations located away from frost hollows, trees or urban areas. However, the diverse nature of the UK landscape suggests that the feasibility of siting stations that are truly representative of regional climate and free from distorting local effects is increasingly difficult. Whilst the urban heat island is a well-studied phenomenon and usually accounted for, the effect of warm urban air advected downwind is rarely considered, particularly at rural stations adjacent to urban areas. Until recently, urban heat advection (UHA) was viewed as an urban boundary-layer process through the formation of an urban plume that rises above the surface as it is advected. However, these dynamic UHA effects are shown to also have an impact on surface observations. Results show a significant difference in temperatures anomalies (p<0.001) between observations taken downwind of urban and rural areas. For example, urban heat advection from small urbanized areas (~1km2) under low cloud cover and wind speeds of 2–3 m s−1 is found to increase mean nocturnal air temperatures by 0.6oC at a horizontal distance of 0.5 km. Fundamentally, these UHA results highlight the importance of careful interpretation of long-term temperature data taken near small urban areas.",
keywords = "Temperature observations , Urban heat advection, Urban heat island , Urbanization",
author = "Richard Bassett and Xiaoming Cai and Lee Chapman and Clare Heaviside and John Thornes",
year = "2017",
month = oct,
doi = "10.1007/s10546-017-0263-0",
language = "English",
volume = "165",
pages = "181--196",
journal = "Boundary-Layer Meteorology",
issn = "0006-8314",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Effects of Heat Advection on UK Weather and Climate Observations in the Vicinity of Small Urbanized Areas

AU - Bassett, Richard

AU - Cai, Xiaoming

AU - Chapman, Lee

AU - Heaviside, Clare

AU - Thornes, John

PY - 2017/10

Y1 - 2017/10

N2 - Weather and climate networks traditionally follow rigorous siting guidelines, with individual stations located away from frost hollows, trees or urban areas. However, the diverse nature of the UK landscape suggests that the feasibility of siting stations that are truly representative of regional climate and free from distorting local effects is increasingly difficult. Whilst the urban heat island is a well-studied phenomenon and usually accounted for, the effect of warm urban air advected downwind is rarely considered, particularly at rural stations adjacent to urban areas. Until recently, urban heat advection (UHA) was viewed as an urban boundary-layer process through the formation of an urban plume that rises above the surface as it is advected. However, these dynamic UHA effects are shown to also have an impact on surface observations. Results show a significant difference in temperatures anomalies (p<0.001) between observations taken downwind of urban and rural areas. For example, urban heat advection from small urbanized areas (~1km2) under low cloud cover and wind speeds of 2–3 m s−1 is found to increase mean nocturnal air temperatures by 0.6oC at a horizontal distance of 0.5 km. Fundamentally, these UHA results highlight the importance of careful interpretation of long-term temperature data taken near small urban areas.

AB - Weather and climate networks traditionally follow rigorous siting guidelines, with individual stations located away from frost hollows, trees or urban areas. However, the diverse nature of the UK landscape suggests that the feasibility of siting stations that are truly representative of regional climate and free from distorting local effects is increasingly difficult. Whilst the urban heat island is a well-studied phenomenon and usually accounted for, the effect of warm urban air advected downwind is rarely considered, particularly at rural stations adjacent to urban areas. Until recently, urban heat advection (UHA) was viewed as an urban boundary-layer process through the formation of an urban plume that rises above the surface as it is advected. However, these dynamic UHA effects are shown to also have an impact on surface observations. Results show a significant difference in temperatures anomalies (p<0.001) between observations taken downwind of urban and rural areas. For example, urban heat advection from small urbanized areas (~1km2) under low cloud cover and wind speeds of 2–3 m s−1 is found to increase mean nocturnal air temperatures by 0.6oC at a horizontal distance of 0.5 km. Fundamentally, these UHA results highlight the importance of careful interpretation of long-term temperature data taken near small urban areas.

KW - Temperature observations

KW - Urban heat advection

KW - Urban heat island

KW - Urbanization

U2 - 10.1007/s10546-017-0263-0

DO - 10.1007/s10546-017-0263-0

M3 - Journal article

VL - 165

SP - 181

EP - 196

JO - Boundary-Layer Meteorology

JF - Boundary-Layer Meteorology

SN - 0006-8314

IS - 1

ER -