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The immunoreactive profile at the N-terminal region of Aβ1-39/40 but not Aβ1-42 changes with transition from monomer/dimer to further peptide aggregates

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>12/12/1995
<mark>Journal</mark>Brain Research
Issue number1-2
Volume703
Number of pages5
Pages (from-to)237-241
Publication statusPublished
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Using site-specific antibodies, we assessed the effect of aggregation of various length forms of A beta on the immunoreactive profile of the peptides. All of the antibodies tested reacted with monomeric/dimeric forms of A beta 1-42 and its further aggregates. However, antibodies directed against the 1-24 region of A beta reacted weakly or not at all with A beta 1-39/40 monomers or dimers, but immunoreactivity was enhanced substantially following peptide incubation and aggregation. These results suggest that the conformation of the N-terminal region of monomeric and dimeric A beta 1-39/40 is different from that of aggregated forms, whereas the longer A beta 1-42 does not significantly change its N-terminal conformation during beta-sheet fibril formation. These immunochemical results are consistent with previous structural data, and help to explain the differential effects of A beta 1-39/40 and 1-42 on fibril formation in brain.