12,000

We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK

93%

93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > The impact of polybrominated diphenyl ether pro...
View graph of relations

« Back

The impact of polybrominated diphenyl ether prohibition: a case study on the atmospheric levels in China, Japan and South Korea

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

  • Qilu Li
  • Jun Li
  • Chakra Chaemfa
  • Gan Zhang
  • Yuso Kobara
  • Jae-Jak Nam
  • Kevin C. Jones
Journal publication date15/06/2014
JournalAtmospheric Research
Volume143
Number of pages7
Pages57-63
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Abstract The atmosphere is an important medium which could directly reflect the changes of pollutant sources. Worldwide, the commercial products of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been officially restricted and subsequently prohibited. For the purpose of evaluating their concentration after prohibition, passive air samplers (PASs) were therefore deployed again across the East Asia during two periods in 2008 after the initial deployment 4 years ago. When compared with the data in 2004, the atmospheric concentrations of PBDEs have declined significantly. Spatially, the PBDE level in China was still the highest, with a mean value of 15.4 pg m− 3, and in Japan was the lowest (2.47 ± 1.12 pg m− 3) in the East Asia. Moreover, the relatively high concentrations were observed at sites where there are electronic or e-waste recycling industries, and this is particularly true in China, suggesting that illegally imported e-waste is still a typical source of PBDEs in this region.