12,000

We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK

93%

93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > The micro-optical ring electrode Part 2 : theor...
View graph of relations

« Back

The micro-optical ring electrode Part 2 : theory for the transport limited, steady-state photocurrent.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date15/04/2006
JournalJournal of Electronalytical Chemistry
Journal number2
Volume589
Number of pages10
Pages177-186
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The micro-optical ring electrode (MORE) is a photoelectrochemical device based on a ring microelectrode that uses the insulating material interior to the ring electrode as a light guide. In this paper, we derive asymptotic analytical expressions for the steady-state, transport limited photocurrent generated at MOREs with thin microrings ((ring inner radius)/(ring outer radius) values > 0.99) for two general types of photoelectrochemical system (a) the PE (photophysical-electrochemical) system, wherein the photoexcited species itself is directly detected on the ring; and (b) the PCE (photophysical-chemical-electrochemical) system, wherein the photoexcited species undergoes a homogeneous electron transfer reaction prior to electrochemical detection. The expressions are generated by exploiting the properties of discontinuous integrals of Bessel functions to solve the diffusion equation for the photogenerated electroactive species both inside and outside the beam. The resultant solutions are then matched at the beam surface. The expressions themselves are used to design experimental protocols that allow for the complete characterization of the photoelectrochemical kinetics of a system and are tested by using them to interpret the results of a MORE study of the photoelectrochemical behaviour of the Ru(bipy)(3)(2+)/Fe3+ photosensitiser/ quenching agent system. The value of the Stern-Volmer constant for the quenching of photoexcited Ru(bipy)(3)(2+) by Fe obtained (0.36 m(3) mol(-1)) compares favourably with the value obtained from fluorescence measurements (0.9 m(3) mol(-1)). (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Bibliographic note

The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Journal of Electronalytical Chemistry 589 (2), 2006, © ELSEVIER.