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The role of metacognitive beliefs in auditory hallucinations

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The role of metacognitive beliefs in auditory hallucinations. / Lobban, F ; Haddock, G ; Kinderman, P ; Wells, A .

In: Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 32, No. 8, 06.2002, p. 1351-1363.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Lobban, F, Haddock, G, Kinderman, P & Wells, A 2002, 'The role of metacognitive beliefs in auditory hallucinations', Personality and Individual Differences, vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 1351-1363. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(01)00123-4

APA

Lobban, F., Haddock, G., Kinderman, P., & Wells, A. (2002). The role of metacognitive beliefs in auditory hallucinations. Personality and Individual Differences, 32(8), 1351-1363. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(01)00123-4

Vancouver

Lobban F, Haddock G, Kinderman P, Wells A. The role of metacognitive beliefs in auditory hallucinations. Personality and Individual Differences. 2002 Jun;32(8):1351-1363. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(01)00123-4

Author

Lobban, F ; Haddock, G ; Kinderman, P ; Wells, A . / The role of metacognitive beliefs in auditory hallucinations. In: Personality and Individual Differences. 2002 ; Vol. 32, No. 8. pp. 1351-1363.

Bibtex

@article{1c18524d02cd4cf8aaed5311067af5a3,
title = "The role of metacognitive beliefs in auditory hallucinations",
abstract = "The mechanisms contributing to the occurrence of auditory hallucinations have not been fully described, although many researchers agree that they may result from some type of misattributed cognitive event. A number of authors have shown that this misattribution may be influenced by 'top down' processes such as beliefs and expectations. This type of cognitive bias has also been implicated in other psychological disorders. One area of focus, particularly within the anxiety disorders, has been on metacognitive beliefs and their role in the occurrence and maintenance of symptoms. Metacognitive beliefs have not been widely investigated in psychosis and tools to investigate them have not been developed. In this study, a metacognitions questionnaire [MCQ; Cartwright-Hatton, S., & Wells, A. (1997). Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 11(3),279-296.] (previously used with anxiety disorders) was modified and used to assess metacognitive beliefs with schizophrenic patients. Metacognitive beliefs were compared between schizophrenic patients who were currently experiencing auditory hallucinations and schizophrenic patients who had never had hallucinations. A group of patients with anxiety disorders and a group of non-patients were used as controls. Hallucinating and non-hallucinating schizophrenics scored significantly higher than both the nonpatient group and the anxiety patient group on the amount. to which they believed their thoughts should be consistent with each other. Hallucinators and anxiety controls had significantly lower confidence in their cognitive processes than non-hallucinating schizophrenics and normal controls. The significance of these findings are discussed in relation to the literature on cognitive processes in hallucinations. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "auditory hallucinations, metacognitive beliefs, schizophrenia, intrusive thoughts, SCHIZOPHRENIA, REALITY",
author = "F Lobban and G Haddock and P Kinderman and A Wells",
year = "2002",
month = jun
doi = "10.1016/S0191-8869(01)00123-4",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
pages = "1351--1363",
journal = "Personality and Individual Differences",
issn = "0191-8869",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of metacognitive beliefs in auditory hallucinations

AU - Lobban, F

AU - Haddock, G

AU - Kinderman, P

AU - Wells, A

PY - 2002/6

Y1 - 2002/6

N2 - The mechanisms contributing to the occurrence of auditory hallucinations have not been fully described, although many researchers agree that they may result from some type of misattributed cognitive event. A number of authors have shown that this misattribution may be influenced by 'top down' processes such as beliefs and expectations. This type of cognitive bias has also been implicated in other psychological disorders. One area of focus, particularly within the anxiety disorders, has been on metacognitive beliefs and their role in the occurrence and maintenance of symptoms. Metacognitive beliefs have not been widely investigated in psychosis and tools to investigate them have not been developed. In this study, a metacognitions questionnaire [MCQ; Cartwright-Hatton, S., & Wells, A. (1997). Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 11(3),279-296.] (previously used with anxiety disorders) was modified and used to assess metacognitive beliefs with schizophrenic patients. Metacognitive beliefs were compared between schizophrenic patients who were currently experiencing auditory hallucinations and schizophrenic patients who had never had hallucinations. A group of patients with anxiety disorders and a group of non-patients were used as controls. Hallucinating and non-hallucinating schizophrenics scored significantly higher than both the nonpatient group and the anxiety patient group on the amount. to which they believed their thoughts should be consistent with each other. Hallucinators and anxiety controls had significantly lower confidence in their cognitive processes than non-hallucinating schizophrenics and normal controls. The significance of these findings are discussed in relation to the literature on cognitive processes in hallucinations. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

AB - The mechanisms contributing to the occurrence of auditory hallucinations have not been fully described, although many researchers agree that they may result from some type of misattributed cognitive event. A number of authors have shown that this misattribution may be influenced by 'top down' processes such as beliefs and expectations. This type of cognitive bias has also been implicated in other psychological disorders. One area of focus, particularly within the anxiety disorders, has been on metacognitive beliefs and their role in the occurrence and maintenance of symptoms. Metacognitive beliefs have not been widely investigated in psychosis and tools to investigate them have not been developed. In this study, a metacognitions questionnaire [MCQ; Cartwright-Hatton, S., & Wells, A. (1997). Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 11(3),279-296.] (previously used with anxiety disorders) was modified and used to assess metacognitive beliefs with schizophrenic patients. Metacognitive beliefs were compared between schizophrenic patients who were currently experiencing auditory hallucinations and schizophrenic patients who had never had hallucinations. A group of patients with anxiety disorders and a group of non-patients were used as controls. Hallucinating and non-hallucinating schizophrenics scored significantly higher than both the nonpatient group and the anxiety patient group on the amount. to which they believed their thoughts should be consistent with each other. Hallucinators and anxiety controls had significantly lower confidence in their cognitive processes than non-hallucinating schizophrenics and normal controls. The significance of these findings are discussed in relation to the literature on cognitive processes in hallucinations. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

KW - auditory hallucinations

KW - metacognitive beliefs

KW - schizophrenia

KW - intrusive thoughts

KW - SCHIZOPHRENIA

KW - REALITY

U2 - 10.1016/S0191-8869(01)00123-4

DO - 10.1016/S0191-8869(01)00123-4

M3 - Journal article

VL - 32

SP - 1351

EP - 1363

JO - Personality and Individual Differences

JF - Personality and Individual Differences

SN - 0191-8869

IS - 8

ER -