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The Team Climate Inventory as a measure of primary care teams’ processes: validation of the French version

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


  • Marie-Dominique Beaulieu
  • Nataliya Dragieva
  • Claudio Del Grande
  • Jeremy Dawson
  • Jeannie L. Haggerty
  • Jan Barnsley
  • William E. Hogg
  • Pierre Tousignant
  • Michael West
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>02/2014
<mark>Journal</mark>Healthcare Policy
Number of pages15
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Purpose: Evaluate the psychometric properties of the French version of the short 19-item Team Climate Inventory (TCI) and explore the contributions of individual and organizational characteristics to perceived team effectiveness.

Method: The TCI was completed by 471 of the 618 (76.2%) healthcare professionals and administrative staff working in a random sample of 37 primary care practices in the province of Quebec.

Results: Exploratory factor analysis confirmed the original four-factor model. Cronbach's alphas were excellent (from 0.88 to 0.93). Latent class analysis revealed three-class response structure. Respondents in practices with professional governance had a higher probability of belonging to the "High TCI" class than did practices with community governance (36.7% vs. 19.1%). Administrative staff tended to fall into the "Suboptimal TCI" class more frequently than did physicians (36.5% vs. 19.0%).

Conclusion: Results confirm the validity of our French version of the short TCI. The association between professional governance and better team climate merits further exploration.