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The use of laser spectroscopy to investigate bone disease in King Henry VIII's sailors

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The use of laser spectroscopy to investigate bone disease in King Henry VIII's sailors. / Kerns, Jemma; Buckley, Kevin; Parker, Anthony; Birch, Helen; Matousek, Pavel; Hildred, Alex; Goodship, Allen.

In: Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 53, 01.2015, p. 516-520.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Kerns, J, Buckley, K, Parker, A, Birch, H, Matousek, P, Hildred, A & Goodship, A 2015, 'The use of laser spectroscopy to investigate bone disease in King Henry VIII's sailors', Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 53, pp. 516-520. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2014.11.013

APA

Kerns, J., Buckley, K., Parker, A., Birch, H., Matousek, P., Hildred, A., & Goodship, A. (2015). The use of laser spectroscopy to investigate bone disease in King Henry VIII's sailors. Journal of Archaeological Science, 53, 516-520. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2014.11.013

Vancouver

Kerns J, Buckley K, Parker A, Birch H, Matousek P, Hildred A et al. The use of laser spectroscopy to investigate bone disease in King Henry VIII's sailors. Journal of Archaeological Science. 2015 Jan;53:516-520. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2014.11.013

Author

Kerns, Jemma ; Buckley, Kevin ; Parker, Anthony ; Birch, Helen ; Matousek, Pavel ; Hildred, Alex ; Goodship, Allen. / The use of laser spectroscopy to investigate bone disease in King Henry VIII's sailors. In: Journal of Archaeological Science. 2015 ; Vol. 53. pp. 516-520.

Bibtex

@article{77eb614bbdc142a896b35076cd0b32e0,
title = "The use of laser spectroscopy to investigate bone disease in King Henry VIII's sailors",
abstract = "The Mary Rose was King Henry VIII's flagship before it sank in battle on the 19th July 1545. Over four hundred men went down with the ship and the environment of the Solent meant their remains were quickly covered in silt. Between 1979 and 1982 the remains of 179 individuals were recovered and examined as part of the excavation of the Mary Rose. The anaerobic environment created by the siltpreserved the sailors' bones in remarkable condition and to date much has been learnt about life on the ship. In this study we used Raman spectroscopy (a non-destructive technique), to investigate the chemistry of the human bones, specifically for the identification of disease in archaeological specimens, for the first time. Raman data were collected from five anatomically normal tibiae and five tibiae that were bowed (individuals suspected to have suffered from bone disease in childhood). The data were processed using multivariate analysis (principal component analysis) and results showed the presence of chemical abnormalities in the bowed bones which resulted in the separation of the bones into two clearly defined groups, normal and bowed.",
keywords = "Mary Rose, Metabolic bone disease, Collagen, Raman spectroscopy",
author = "Jemma Kerns and Kevin Buckley and Anthony Parker and Helen Birch and Pavel Matousek and Alex Hildred and Allen Goodship",
note = "This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).",
year = "2015",
month = jan
doi = "10.1016/j.jas.2014.11.013",
language = "English",
volume = "53",
pages = "516--520",
journal = "Journal of Archaeological Science",
issn = "0305-4403",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The use of laser spectroscopy to investigate bone disease in King Henry VIII's sailors

AU - Kerns, Jemma

AU - Buckley, Kevin

AU - Parker, Anthony

AU - Birch, Helen

AU - Matousek, Pavel

AU - Hildred, Alex

AU - Goodship, Allen

N1 - This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

PY - 2015/1

Y1 - 2015/1

N2 - The Mary Rose was King Henry VIII's flagship before it sank in battle on the 19th July 1545. Over four hundred men went down with the ship and the environment of the Solent meant their remains were quickly covered in silt. Between 1979 and 1982 the remains of 179 individuals were recovered and examined as part of the excavation of the Mary Rose. The anaerobic environment created by the siltpreserved the sailors' bones in remarkable condition and to date much has been learnt about life on the ship. In this study we used Raman spectroscopy (a non-destructive technique), to investigate the chemistry of the human bones, specifically for the identification of disease in archaeological specimens, for the first time. Raman data were collected from five anatomically normal tibiae and five tibiae that were bowed (individuals suspected to have suffered from bone disease in childhood). The data were processed using multivariate analysis (principal component analysis) and results showed the presence of chemical abnormalities in the bowed bones which resulted in the separation of the bones into two clearly defined groups, normal and bowed.

AB - The Mary Rose was King Henry VIII's flagship before it sank in battle on the 19th July 1545. Over four hundred men went down with the ship and the environment of the Solent meant their remains were quickly covered in silt. Between 1979 and 1982 the remains of 179 individuals were recovered and examined as part of the excavation of the Mary Rose. The anaerobic environment created by the siltpreserved the sailors' bones in remarkable condition and to date much has been learnt about life on the ship. In this study we used Raman spectroscopy (a non-destructive technique), to investigate the chemistry of the human bones, specifically for the identification of disease in archaeological specimens, for the first time. Raman data were collected from five anatomically normal tibiae and five tibiae that were bowed (individuals suspected to have suffered from bone disease in childhood). The data were processed using multivariate analysis (principal component analysis) and results showed the presence of chemical abnormalities in the bowed bones which resulted in the separation of the bones into two clearly defined groups, normal and bowed.

KW - Mary Rose

KW - Metabolic bone disease

KW - Collagen

KW - Raman spectroscopy

U2 - 10.1016/j.jas.2014.11.013

DO - 10.1016/j.jas.2014.11.013

M3 - Journal article

VL - 53

SP - 516

EP - 520

JO - Journal of Archaeological Science

JF - Journal of Archaeological Science

SN - 0305-4403

ER -