12,000

We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK

93%

93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > The wear of metal-on-metal total hip prostheses...
View graph of relations

« Back

The wear of metal-on-metal total hip prostheses measured in a hip simulator.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date06/2001
JournalProceedings of The Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal Of Engineering In Medicine
Journal number6
Volume215
Number of pages8
Pages523-530
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

New generation metal-on-metal prostheses have been introduced to try and overcome the problem of osteolysis often attributed to the wear particles of the polyethylene component of conventional metal-on-ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) joints. The wear rates of four metal-on-metal joints (two different clearances) were assessed along with that of a conventional metal-on-UHMWPE joint. Friction measurements of the metal-on-metal joints were taken before and after the wear test and compared. Two distinct wear phases were discernible for all the metal-on-metal joints: an initial wear phase up to 0.5 × 106 cycles and then a lower steady state wear phase. The steady state wear rate of the 22 μUm radial clearance metal-on-metal joint was lower than that for the 40 μUm radial clearance joint, although this difference was not found to be significant (p > 0.15). The wear rates for all the joints tested were consistent with other simulator studies. The friction factors produced by each joint were found to decrease significantly after wear testing (p < 0.05).