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Thermal enhancement of natural magnetism as a tool for tracing eroded soil

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Thermal enhancement of natural magnetism as a tool for tracing eroded soil. / Armstrong, Alona; Quinton, John; Maher, Barbara.

In: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Vol. 37, No. 14, 11.2012, p. 1567-1572.

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Armstrong, Alona ; Quinton, John ; Maher, Barbara. / Thermal enhancement of natural magnetism as a tool for tracing eroded soil. In: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. 2012 ; Vol. 37, No. 14. pp. 1567-1572.

Bibtex

@article{1a633faaf212456586253f20a252d736,
title = "Thermal enhancement of natural magnetism as a tool for tracing eroded soil",
abstract = "Determining sources, quantities and travel distances of eroding soil is of increasing importance given its impact on- and off-site, the sediment-associated transport of nutrients, metals and micro-organisms and the ongoing need to provide data for soil erosion model development and validation. Many soil tracers have been developed; however, most comprise foreign materials, such as fluorescent beads and rare earth oxides,which cast doubts on the validity of tracing results given their different physical characteristics.To avoid these problems, we have investigated the potential of soil, which has been heated under reducing conditions to enhance its ferrimagnetic content, as a soil erosion tracer; while the technique has been used successfully to trace river sediment it has not been successfully applied to soil erosion studies. For a suite of 16 magnetic concentration-dependent properties, values were found to besignificantly greater, by at least one order of magnitude, after heating, both for the bulk soil and nine individual particle size fractions.Individual size fractions could be differentiated using two different magnetic properties, thus illustrating the technique{\textquoteright}s potential to provide information on particle size-specific erosion. Soil box experiments demonstrated the potential for both in situ measurement of magnetic susceptibility and laboratory measurement of the magnetic properties of eroded sediment, to trace and quantify soil erosion. Thus, heated soil, with artificially-enhanced ferrimagnetic properties, is successfully demonstrated to have great potential as asize-specific, cost-effective and representative soil erosion tracer.",
keywords = "soil erosion, tracer, magnetism, particle size, thermal enhancement",
author = "Alona Armstrong and John Quinton and Barbara Maher",
year = "2012",
month = nov
doi = "10.1002/esp.3312",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "1567--1572",
journal = "Earth Surface Processes and Landforms",
issn = "0197-9337",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "14",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Thermal enhancement of natural magnetism as a tool for tracing eroded soil

AU - Armstrong, Alona

AU - Quinton, John

AU - Maher, Barbara

PY - 2012/11

Y1 - 2012/11

N2 - Determining sources, quantities and travel distances of eroding soil is of increasing importance given its impact on- and off-site, the sediment-associated transport of nutrients, metals and micro-organisms and the ongoing need to provide data for soil erosion model development and validation. Many soil tracers have been developed; however, most comprise foreign materials, such as fluorescent beads and rare earth oxides,which cast doubts on the validity of tracing results given their different physical characteristics.To avoid these problems, we have investigated the potential of soil, which has been heated under reducing conditions to enhance its ferrimagnetic content, as a soil erosion tracer; while the technique has been used successfully to trace river sediment it has not been successfully applied to soil erosion studies. For a suite of 16 magnetic concentration-dependent properties, values were found to besignificantly greater, by at least one order of magnitude, after heating, both for the bulk soil and nine individual particle size fractions.Individual size fractions could be differentiated using two different magnetic properties, thus illustrating the technique’s potential to provide information on particle size-specific erosion. Soil box experiments demonstrated the potential for both in situ measurement of magnetic susceptibility and laboratory measurement of the magnetic properties of eroded sediment, to trace and quantify soil erosion. Thus, heated soil, with artificially-enhanced ferrimagnetic properties, is successfully demonstrated to have great potential as asize-specific, cost-effective and representative soil erosion tracer.

AB - Determining sources, quantities and travel distances of eroding soil is of increasing importance given its impact on- and off-site, the sediment-associated transport of nutrients, metals and micro-organisms and the ongoing need to provide data for soil erosion model development and validation. Many soil tracers have been developed; however, most comprise foreign materials, such as fluorescent beads and rare earth oxides,which cast doubts on the validity of tracing results given their different physical characteristics.To avoid these problems, we have investigated the potential of soil, which has been heated under reducing conditions to enhance its ferrimagnetic content, as a soil erosion tracer; while the technique has been used successfully to trace river sediment it has not been successfully applied to soil erosion studies. For a suite of 16 magnetic concentration-dependent properties, values were found to besignificantly greater, by at least one order of magnitude, after heating, both for the bulk soil and nine individual particle size fractions.Individual size fractions could be differentiated using two different magnetic properties, thus illustrating the technique’s potential to provide information on particle size-specific erosion. Soil box experiments demonstrated the potential for both in situ measurement of magnetic susceptibility and laboratory measurement of the magnetic properties of eroded sediment, to trace and quantify soil erosion. Thus, heated soil, with artificially-enhanced ferrimagnetic properties, is successfully demonstrated to have great potential as asize-specific, cost-effective and representative soil erosion tracer.

KW - soil erosion

KW - tracer

KW - magnetism

KW - particle size

KW - thermal enhancement

U2 - 10.1002/esp.3312

DO - 10.1002/esp.3312

M3 - Letter

VL - 37

SP - 1567

EP - 1572

JO - Earth Surface Processes and Landforms

JF - Earth Surface Processes and Landforms

SN - 0197-9337

IS - 14

ER -