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Thermoelectricity in vertical graphene-C60-graphene architectures

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
Article number11680
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/12/2017
<mark>Journal</mark>Scientific Reports
Issue number1
Volume7
Number of pages8
<mark>State</mark>Published
Early online date15/09/17
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Recent studies of single-molecule thermoelectricity have identified families of high-performance molecules. However, in order to translate this discovery into practical thin-film energy-harvesting devices, there is a need for an understanding of the fundamental issues arising when such junctions are placed in parallel. This is relevant because controlled scalability might be used to boost electrical and thermoelectric performance over the current single-junction paradigm. As a first step in this direction, we investigate here the properties of two C60 molecules placed in parallel and sandwiched between top and bottom graphene electrodes. In contrast with classical conductors, we find that increasing the number of parallel junctions from one to two can cause the electrical conductance to increase by more than a factor of 2. Furthermore, we show that the Seebeck coefficient is sensitive to the number of parallel molecules sandwiched between the electrodes, whereas classically it should be unchanged. This non-classical behaviour of the electrical conductance and Seebeck coefficient are due to inter-junction quantum interference, mediated by the electrodes, which leads to an enhanced response in these vertical molecular devices.