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Triply interlocked covalent organic cages

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

  • Tom Hasell
  • Xiaofeng Wu
  • James T. A. Jones
  • John Bacsa
  • Alexander Steiner
  • Tamoghna Mitra
  • Abbie Trewin
  • Dave J. Adams
  • Andrew I. Cooper
Journal publication date09/2010
JournalNature chemistry
Journal number9
Volume2
Number of pages6
Pages750-755
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Interlocked molecules comprise two or more separate components that are joined by 'mechanical' rather than covalent bonds. In other words, these molecular assemblies cannot be dissociated without the cleavage of one or more chemical bonds. Although recent progress has enabled the preparation of such topologies through coordination or templating interactions, three-dimensional interlocked covalent architectures remain difficult to prepare. Here, we present a template-free one-pot synthesis of triply interlocked organic cages. These 20-component dimers consist of two tetrahedral monomeric cages each built from four nodes and six linkers. The monomers exhibit axial chirality, which is recognized by their partner cage during the template-free interlocking assembly process. The dimeric cages also include two well-defined cavities per assembly, which for one of the systems studied led to the formation of a supramolecular host-guest chain. These interlocked organic molecules may prove useful as part of a toolkit for the modular construction of complex porous solids and other supramolecular assemblies.