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Under the spectre of colonialism: an analysis of UK-based NGOs engaged in contemporary transnational LGBTI activism

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@phdthesis{f4bf110ab1be473c8a4ee5c41d4c3988,
title = "Under the spectre of colonialism: an analysis of UK-based NGOs engaged in contemporary transnational LGBTI activism",
abstract = "Since 2011, a number of new UK-based non-governmental organisations (NGOs) have emerged with a commitment to transnational lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and intersex (LGBTI) activism, with some existing organisations adopting new strategies to engage with international LGBTI issues. This new wave of engagement in transnational LGBTI activism has emerged in a context of increased attention to LGBTI issues globally. LGBTI rights are debated in international forums, including the United Nations, with widespread condemnation of developments such as Uganda{\textquoteright}s Anti-Homosexuality Bill (2009) and later Anti-Homosexuality Act (2014) continuing to fuel international discourses concerned with LGBTI rights. Underlying contemporary UK-based engagements in transnational LGBTI activism is a history of colonialism that was responsible for the implementation of legal, social, and cultural systems of control that continue to influence the criminalisation of LGBTI populations worldwide.This thesis contributes an analysis of UK-based NGOs engaged in transnational LGBTI activism, including Kaleidoscope Trust, Peter Tatchell Foundation, Stonewall, and UKLGIG, amongst others, exploring the evolution of NGO strategies between 2011-2016. The thesis also examines the relationships and interactions between UK-based NGOs and UK governmental actors, situating an understanding of NGO engagements within the broader context of UK interventions in international LGBTI politics. The thesis adopts a historical approach that contextualises the complexities that colonial legacies perpetuate on contemporary international relations and transnational LGBTI activism. Conceptualising these legacies as a {\textquoteleft}spectre of colonialism,{\textquoteright} the thesis examines the ways in which UK-based actors negotiate, contribute to, and contest the influence of the spectre via engagements with aid conditionality, sodomy laws, the Commonwealth, and LGBTI asylum.",
keywords = "international relations, LGBT, NGOs, UK, transnational, colonialism, activism, solidarity, Commonwealth, aid conditionality, asylum seekers, diaspora ",
author = "Matthew Farmer",
note = "Restricted until 2022.",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.17635/lancaster/thesis/146",
language = "English",
publisher = "Lancaster University",
school = "Lancaster University",

}

RIS

TY - THES

T1 - Under the spectre of colonialism

T2 - an analysis of UK-based NGOs engaged in contemporary transnational LGBTI activism

AU - Farmer, Matthew

N1 - Restricted until 2022.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Since 2011, a number of new UK-based non-governmental organisations (NGOs) have emerged with a commitment to transnational lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and intersex (LGBTI) activism, with some existing organisations adopting new strategies to engage with international LGBTI issues. This new wave of engagement in transnational LGBTI activism has emerged in a context of increased attention to LGBTI issues globally. LGBTI rights are debated in international forums, including the United Nations, with widespread condemnation of developments such as Uganda’s Anti-Homosexuality Bill (2009) and later Anti-Homosexuality Act (2014) continuing to fuel international discourses concerned with LGBTI rights. Underlying contemporary UK-based engagements in transnational LGBTI activism is a history of colonialism that was responsible for the implementation of legal, social, and cultural systems of control that continue to influence the criminalisation of LGBTI populations worldwide.This thesis contributes an analysis of UK-based NGOs engaged in transnational LGBTI activism, including Kaleidoscope Trust, Peter Tatchell Foundation, Stonewall, and UKLGIG, amongst others, exploring the evolution of NGO strategies between 2011-2016. The thesis also examines the relationships and interactions between UK-based NGOs and UK governmental actors, situating an understanding of NGO engagements within the broader context of UK interventions in international LGBTI politics. The thesis adopts a historical approach that contextualises the complexities that colonial legacies perpetuate on contemporary international relations and transnational LGBTI activism. Conceptualising these legacies as a ‘spectre of colonialism,’ the thesis examines the ways in which UK-based actors negotiate, contribute to, and contest the influence of the spectre via engagements with aid conditionality, sodomy laws, the Commonwealth, and LGBTI asylum.

AB - Since 2011, a number of new UK-based non-governmental organisations (NGOs) have emerged with a commitment to transnational lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and intersex (LGBTI) activism, with some existing organisations adopting new strategies to engage with international LGBTI issues. This new wave of engagement in transnational LGBTI activism has emerged in a context of increased attention to LGBTI issues globally. LGBTI rights are debated in international forums, including the United Nations, with widespread condemnation of developments such as Uganda’s Anti-Homosexuality Bill (2009) and later Anti-Homosexuality Act (2014) continuing to fuel international discourses concerned with LGBTI rights. Underlying contemporary UK-based engagements in transnational LGBTI activism is a history of colonialism that was responsible for the implementation of legal, social, and cultural systems of control that continue to influence the criminalisation of LGBTI populations worldwide.This thesis contributes an analysis of UK-based NGOs engaged in transnational LGBTI activism, including Kaleidoscope Trust, Peter Tatchell Foundation, Stonewall, and UKLGIG, amongst others, exploring the evolution of NGO strategies between 2011-2016. The thesis also examines the relationships and interactions between UK-based NGOs and UK governmental actors, situating an understanding of NGO engagements within the broader context of UK interventions in international LGBTI politics. The thesis adopts a historical approach that contextualises the complexities that colonial legacies perpetuate on contemporary international relations and transnational LGBTI activism. Conceptualising these legacies as a ‘spectre of colonialism,’ the thesis examines the ways in which UK-based actors negotiate, contribute to, and contest the influence of the spectre via engagements with aid conditionality, sodomy laws, the Commonwealth, and LGBTI asylum.

KW - international relations

KW - LGBT

KW - NGOs

KW - UK

KW - transnational

KW - colonialism

KW - activism

KW - solidarity

KW - Commonwealth

KW - aid conditionality

KW - asylum seekers

KW - diaspora

U2 - 10.17635/lancaster/thesis/146

DO - 10.17635/lancaster/thesis/146

M3 - Doctoral Thesis

PB - Lancaster University

ER -