12,000

We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK

93%

93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Understanding criminal careers in organised crime
View graph of relations

« Back

Understanding criminal careers in organised crime

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

Published

Publication date7/10/2013
Place of publicationLondon
PublisherHome Office
Number of pages120
Volume74
ISBN (Electronic)9781782462378
Original languageEnglish

Publication series

NameCrime research and analysis
PublisherHome Office
No.74

Abstract

This study examines the criminal histories of offenders who become involved in organised crime. It is based on analysis of administrative data on criminal sanctions (court conviction, or caution / warning / reprimand) held on the Police National Computer (PNC) database. PNC data represents proven offending, which is unlikely to be a true reflection of actual offending behaviour
Although a wide range of offences were identified indicating a link to organised crime (the ‘inclusion’ offences), the majority (73%) of offenders were selected on the basis of a conviction for a drugs-related offence (principally supply or importation). Around one in ten offenders 4