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Understanding how 'hate' hurts: a case study of working with offenders and potential offenders

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)


  • Paul Iganski
  • Karen Ainsworth
  • Laura Geraghty
  • Spyridoula Lagou
  • Nafysa Patel
Publication date05/2014
Host publicationResponding to hate crime: the case for connecting policy and research
EditorsNeil Chakraborti, Jon Garland
Place of PublicationBristol
PublisherPolicy Press
Number of pages12
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Few so-called ‘hate crime’ offenders truly hate their victims. Arguably, too, many such offenders do not foresee the depth of hurt their crimes can inflict. Recognising that many acts of ‘hate crime’ are rather more complex than offenders simply venting ‘hate’ to inflict deep hurts opens-up the potential for working with offenders to enable them to appreciate the impacts and consequences of their actions and possibly prevent future offending. This essay offers two case studies from evaluations of projects in the north west of England to illustrate how understanding about the hurts of ‘hate crime’ can be used in working with offenders and potential offenders on the principle that if empathy for the victim can be engendered then those who do not truly ‘hate’ might think twice before acting in the future, or acting again in the way they had done so before.