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Unusual electric-field-induced transformations in the dark conglomerate phase of a bent-core liquid crystal

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Unusual electric-field-induced transformations in the dark conglomerate phase of a bent-core liquid crystal. / Nagaraj, M.; Usami, K.; Zhang, Z.; Görtz, Verena; Goodby, John W.; Gleeson, Helen F.

In: Liquid Crystals, Vol. 41, No. 6, 2014, p. 800-811.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Nagaraj, M, Usami, K, Zhang, Z, Görtz, V, Goodby, JW & Gleeson, HF 2014, 'Unusual electric-field-induced transformations in the dark conglomerate phase of a bent-core liquid crystal', Liquid Crystals, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 800-811. https://doi.org/10.1080/02678292.2014.885602

APA

Nagaraj, M., Usami, K., Zhang, Z., Görtz, V., Goodby, J. W., & Gleeson, H. F. (2014). Unusual electric-field-induced transformations in the dark conglomerate phase of a bent-core liquid crystal. Liquid Crystals, 41(6), 800-811. https://doi.org/10.1080/02678292.2014.885602

Vancouver

Author

Nagaraj, M. ; Usami, K. ; Zhang, Z. ; Görtz, Verena ; Goodby, John W. ; Gleeson, Helen F. / Unusual electric-field-induced transformations in the dark conglomerate phase of a bent-core liquid crystal. In: Liquid Crystals. 2014 ; Vol. 41, No. 6. pp. 800-811.

Bibtex

@article{5e3203725f724edbab9d79fce26e1718,
title = "Unusual electric-field-induced transformations in the dark conglomerate phase of a bent-core liquid crystal",
abstract = "Unusual behaviour of the dark conglomerate (DC) phase seen in an oxadiazole-based achiral bent-core liquid crystal, which has not previously been reported for the DC phase of other liquid crystals, is described. Under polarising optical microscopy, we see no domains of opposite handedness in the ground state of the DC phase. However, it shows unusual transformations when an electric field is applied to the system. On increasing the electric field, at first the domains of opposite handedness become visible and then they grow in size and slowly the sample transforms to a monochiral or single-handed form which is followed by a nonchiral state at very high fields. The threshold electric fields required to achieve these changes are temperature dependent and the transformations are seen irrespective of the frequency of the applied electric field (100 Hz to 5 kHz), type of the waveform (sine, square and triangular) and the thickness (1.5 μm to 15 μm) or the geometry (planar and twisted) of the device used. Further, there is no field-induced high birefringence texture observed even though sufficiently large electric field (~22 V/μm) has been applied across the devices. The nature of the behaviour is investigated by various techniques such as optical microscopy, conoscopy, circular dichroic and Raman spectroscopies, electro-optics and dielectric spectroscopy. The possible physical phenomena behind these changes are discussed in detail.",
keywords = "bent-core liquid crystal, dark conglomerate phase, chirality, electro-optics",
author = "M. Nagaraj and K. Usami and Z. Zhang and Verena G{\"o}rtz and Goodby, {John W.} and Gleeson, {Helen F.}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1080/02678292.2014.885602",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "800--811",
journal = "Liquid Crystals",
issn = "0267-8292",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Unusual electric-field-induced transformations in the dark conglomerate phase of a bent-core liquid crystal

AU - Nagaraj, M.

AU - Usami, K.

AU - Zhang, Z.

AU - Görtz, Verena

AU - Goodby, John W.

AU - Gleeson, Helen F.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Unusual behaviour of the dark conglomerate (DC) phase seen in an oxadiazole-based achiral bent-core liquid crystal, which has not previously been reported for the DC phase of other liquid crystals, is described. Under polarising optical microscopy, we see no domains of opposite handedness in the ground state of the DC phase. However, it shows unusual transformations when an electric field is applied to the system. On increasing the electric field, at first the domains of opposite handedness become visible and then they grow in size and slowly the sample transforms to a monochiral or single-handed form which is followed by a nonchiral state at very high fields. The threshold electric fields required to achieve these changes are temperature dependent and the transformations are seen irrespective of the frequency of the applied electric field (100 Hz to 5 kHz), type of the waveform (sine, square and triangular) and the thickness (1.5 μm to 15 μm) or the geometry (planar and twisted) of the device used. Further, there is no field-induced high birefringence texture observed even though sufficiently large electric field (~22 V/μm) has been applied across the devices. The nature of the behaviour is investigated by various techniques such as optical microscopy, conoscopy, circular dichroic and Raman spectroscopies, electro-optics and dielectric spectroscopy. The possible physical phenomena behind these changes are discussed in detail.

AB - Unusual behaviour of the dark conglomerate (DC) phase seen in an oxadiazole-based achiral bent-core liquid crystal, which has not previously been reported for the DC phase of other liquid crystals, is described. Under polarising optical microscopy, we see no domains of opposite handedness in the ground state of the DC phase. However, it shows unusual transformations when an electric field is applied to the system. On increasing the electric field, at first the domains of opposite handedness become visible and then they grow in size and slowly the sample transforms to a monochiral or single-handed form which is followed by a nonchiral state at very high fields. The threshold electric fields required to achieve these changes are temperature dependent and the transformations are seen irrespective of the frequency of the applied electric field (100 Hz to 5 kHz), type of the waveform (sine, square and triangular) and the thickness (1.5 μm to 15 μm) or the geometry (planar and twisted) of the device used. Further, there is no field-induced high birefringence texture observed even though sufficiently large electric field (~22 V/μm) has been applied across the devices. The nature of the behaviour is investigated by various techniques such as optical microscopy, conoscopy, circular dichroic and Raman spectroscopies, electro-optics and dielectric spectroscopy. The possible physical phenomena behind these changes are discussed in detail.

KW - bent-core liquid crystal

KW - dark conglomerate phase

KW - chirality

KW - electro-optics

U2 - 10.1080/02678292.2014.885602

DO - 10.1080/02678292.2014.885602

M3 - Journal article

VL - 41

SP - 800

EP - 811

JO - Liquid Crystals

JF - Liquid Crystals

SN - 0267-8292

IS - 6

ER -