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  • MeijerWyss_Article_Upside_Down_CaC_FINAL

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Upside Down: Reframing European Defence

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

<mark>Journal publication date</mark>2/07/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>Cooperation and Conflict
<mark>State</mark>Accepted/In press
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Since the end of the Cold War, the study of European defence has been dominated by a ‘CSDP-centric’ approach, while largely neglecting the comparative analysis of national defence policies. This article makes the case for turning the dominant research prism of European defence studies upside down by returning the analytical precedence to the national level. This approach privileges the comparative analysis of national defence policies and armed forces, before focusing on the trans-/supra-national level. The case for this conceptual turn is made in three steps. First, it addresses the different historical stages in European defence integration and the transformation of national armed forces in Europe. Second, it questions the predominance of CSDP in the scholarly literature on European defence. Finally, it seeks to demonstrate the fruitfulness of such a demarche by empirically substantiating common patterns and intra-European divergences in the evolution of national defence policies and armed forces since the end of the Cold War. In conclusion, the article suggests avenues for research focused on European national defence policies and armed forces.