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    Rights statement: http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=sla The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Studies in Second Language Acquisition,38 (2), pp 293-316 2016, © 2016 Cambridge University Press.

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Variability in second language learning: the roles of individual differences, learning conditions, and linguistic complexity

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Variability in second language learning : the roles of individual differences, learning conditions, and linguistic complexity. / Tagarelli, Kaitlyn; Ruiz Hernandez, Simon; Moreno Vega, Jose; Rebuschat, Patrick Emanuel.

In: Studies in Second Language Acquisition, Vol. 38, No. Special Issue 2, 06.2016, p. 293-316.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Tagarelli, K, Ruiz Hernandez, S, Moreno Vega, J & Rebuschat, PE 2016, 'Variability in second language learning: the roles of individual differences, learning conditions, and linguistic complexity', Studies in Second Language Acquisition, vol. 38, no. Special Issue 2, pp. 293-316. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263116000036

APA

Tagarelli, K., Ruiz Hernandez, S., Moreno Vega, J., & Rebuschat, P. E. (2016). Variability in second language learning: the roles of individual differences, learning conditions, and linguistic complexity. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 38(Special Issue 2), 293-316. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263116000036

Vancouver

Tagarelli K, Ruiz Hernandez S, Moreno Vega J, Rebuschat PE. Variability in second language learning: the roles of individual differences, learning conditions, and linguistic complexity. Studies in Second Language Acquisition. 2016 Jun;38(Special Issue 2):293-316. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263116000036

Author

Tagarelli, Kaitlyn ; Ruiz Hernandez, Simon ; Moreno Vega, Jose ; Rebuschat, Patrick Emanuel. / Variability in second language learning : the roles of individual differences, learning conditions, and linguistic complexity. In: Studies in Second Language Acquisition. 2016 ; Vol. 38, No. Special Issue 2. pp. 293-316.

Bibtex

@article{a0f88ea9f4c9478dbdcf904441d3ccea,
title = "Variability in second language learning: the roles of individual differences, learning conditions, and linguistic complexity",
abstract = "Second language learning outcomes are highly variable, due to a variety of factors, including individual differences, exposure conditions, and linguistic complexity. However, exactly how these factors interact to influence language learning is unknown. This paper examines the relationship between these three variables in language learners. Native English speakers were exposed to an artificial language containing three sentence patterns of varying linguistic complexity. They were randomly assigned to two groups – incidental and instructed – designed to promote the acquisition of implicit and explicit knowledge, respectively. Learning was assessed with a grammaticality judgment task, while subjective measures of awareness were used to measure whether exposure had resulted in implicit or explicit knowledge. Participants also completed cognitive tests. Awareness measures demonstrated that learners in the incidental group relied more on implicit knowledge, whereas learners in the instructed group relied more on explicit knowledge. Overall, exposure condition was the most significant predictor of performance on the grammaticality judgment task, with learners in the instructed group outperforming those in the incidental group. Performance on a procedural learning task accounted for additional variance. When outcomes were analysed according to linguistic complexity, exposure condition was the most significant predictor for two syntactic patterns, but it was not a predictor for the most complex sentence group; instead, procedural learning ability was.",
author = "Kaitlyn Tagarelli and {Ruiz Hernandez}, Simon and {Moreno Vega}, Jose and Rebuschat, {Patrick Emanuel}",
note = "http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=sla The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Studies in Second Language Acquisition,38 (2), pp 293-316 2016, {\textcopyright} 2016 Cambridge University Press.",
year = "2016",
month = jun
doi = "10.1017/S0272263116000036",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "293--316",
journal = "Studies in Second Language Acquisition",
issn = "0272-2631",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "Special Issue 2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Variability in second language learning

T2 - the roles of individual differences, learning conditions, and linguistic complexity

AU - Tagarelli, Kaitlyn

AU - Ruiz Hernandez, Simon

AU - Moreno Vega, Jose

AU - Rebuschat, Patrick Emanuel

N1 - http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=sla The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Studies in Second Language Acquisition,38 (2), pp 293-316 2016, © 2016 Cambridge University Press.

PY - 2016/6

Y1 - 2016/6

N2 - Second language learning outcomes are highly variable, due to a variety of factors, including individual differences, exposure conditions, and linguistic complexity. However, exactly how these factors interact to influence language learning is unknown. This paper examines the relationship between these three variables in language learners. Native English speakers were exposed to an artificial language containing three sentence patterns of varying linguistic complexity. They were randomly assigned to two groups – incidental and instructed – designed to promote the acquisition of implicit and explicit knowledge, respectively. Learning was assessed with a grammaticality judgment task, while subjective measures of awareness were used to measure whether exposure had resulted in implicit or explicit knowledge. Participants also completed cognitive tests. Awareness measures demonstrated that learners in the incidental group relied more on implicit knowledge, whereas learners in the instructed group relied more on explicit knowledge. Overall, exposure condition was the most significant predictor of performance on the grammaticality judgment task, with learners in the instructed group outperforming those in the incidental group. Performance on a procedural learning task accounted for additional variance. When outcomes were analysed according to linguistic complexity, exposure condition was the most significant predictor for two syntactic patterns, but it was not a predictor for the most complex sentence group; instead, procedural learning ability was.

AB - Second language learning outcomes are highly variable, due to a variety of factors, including individual differences, exposure conditions, and linguistic complexity. However, exactly how these factors interact to influence language learning is unknown. This paper examines the relationship between these three variables in language learners. Native English speakers were exposed to an artificial language containing three sentence patterns of varying linguistic complexity. They were randomly assigned to two groups – incidental and instructed – designed to promote the acquisition of implicit and explicit knowledge, respectively. Learning was assessed with a grammaticality judgment task, while subjective measures of awareness were used to measure whether exposure had resulted in implicit or explicit knowledge. Participants also completed cognitive tests. Awareness measures demonstrated that learners in the incidental group relied more on implicit knowledge, whereas learners in the instructed group relied more on explicit knowledge. Overall, exposure condition was the most significant predictor of performance on the grammaticality judgment task, with learners in the instructed group outperforming those in the incidental group. Performance on a procedural learning task accounted for additional variance. When outcomes were analysed according to linguistic complexity, exposure condition was the most significant predictor for two syntactic patterns, but it was not a predictor for the most complex sentence group; instead, procedural learning ability was.

U2 - 10.1017/S0272263116000036

DO - 10.1017/S0272263116000036

M3 - Journal article

VL - 38

SP - 293

EP - 316

JO - Studies in Second Language Acquisition

JF - Studies in Second Language Acquisition

SN - 0272-2631

IS - Special Issue 2

ER -