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Volcanic history, geologic analysis and map of the Prometheus Patera region on Io.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

  • Giovanni Leone
  • Ashley Davies
  • Lionel Wilson
  • David Williams
  • Laszlo Kesthelyi
  • Windy Jaeger
  • Elizabeth Turtle
Journal publication date10/2009
JournalJournal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Journal number1-2
Volume187
Number of pages13
Pages93-105
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Data from Jupiter's moon Io returned by the Galileo spacecraft have been used to create a geologic map of Prometheus Patera, its associated flow field, and nearby features. We have identified the location of the vent that fed the Prometheus flow field during the Galileo epoch in the north-eastern portion of the main Prometheus flow field. This vent is the probable source of a small sulphur-rich plume. Previous studies suggested that the vent may be atop a tectonic fault but we find that the vent is offset from the putative fault. It is plausible that, in the past, magma exploited the fault to reach the surface at Prometheus Patera, but subsequent magma cooling in the conduit could have caused an obstruction preventing further eruptions from providing significant contributions to the Prometheus flow field. We also speculate on how a new Prometheus plumbing system may be fed by mafic magmas after melt stalls in magma reservoirs during its ascent through the lithosphere from the mantle.