We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK


93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > What is fair? Tensions between sustainable and ...
View graph of relations

« Back

What is fair? Tensions between sustainable and equitable domestic water consumption in England and Wales.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


Journal publication date12/2008
JournalLocal Environment : The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability
Number of pages18
Original languageEnglish


Recent shifts in the institutional arrangements of the water sector in England and Wales have witnessed an explicit move away from the goals of social equity and universal provision towards implementing the principles of economic equity and efficiency through cost-reflective pricing. Coupled with widespread recognition that there is a need to promote environmentally sustainable water use, there are growing concerns about the implications of new charging systems in providing fair and affordable water for low-income households. In this article, we argue that current strategies for equitable charging, based on the valuing of water as a resource, inadequately account for social and geographical differentiation in supply and demand. We examine how developing an understanding of demand situated within social and geographical context can inform debates about cross-subsidisation and the emerging tensions between social inequality and economic and environmental sustainability.