The growth of modern science has been accompanied by the growth of professionalization. We can unquestionably speak of professional science since the nineteenth century, although historians dispute about where, when and how much. It is much more problematic and anachronistic to do so of the late seventeenth century, despite the familiar view that the period saw the origin of modern experimental science. This paper explores the broad implications of that problem.
http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=BJH The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, British Journal for the History of Science, 28 (2), pp 131-156 1995 © 1995 Cambridge University Press.