We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK


97% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Why has Democracy been less successful in Pakis...
View graph of relations

« Back

Why has Democracy been less successful in Pakistan than in India?

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


<mark>Journal publication date</mark>03/2010
<mark>Journal</mark>Asian Affairs
Number of pages11
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Why does the post-Independence history of democracy in Pakistan contrast so sharply with that of India? The article suggests that there were historical factors to do with the vision of Pakistan as a Muslim state, differential inheritances at partition, with India inheriting the colonial state's unitary centre, the challenge of managing a diverse population separated by thousands of miles etc. In addition, the security problems with India amplified the role of the army and weakened the civilian politicians, many of whom were hardly democrats to start with. There were other external factors, principally US policy which saw Pakistan in a global geo-political context.