Home > Research > Press > Parasites may make dogs smell good to insect ve...
View graph of relations

Parasites may make dogs smell good to insect vector

Press/Media: Research

Description

 

 

 

The protist parasite Leishmania infantum can alter its host’s odor to attract female sand flies, which transmit the pathogen, according to a study published March 18th  in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens by Monica Staniek of Lancaster University and Gordon Hamilton of Lancaster University.

 

Visceral leishmaniasis leads to thousands of deaths worldwide every year. In South America, the disease-causing pathogen, L. infantum, is transmitted from dogs to humans through the bite of infected female sand flies, but not male sand flies. Past research has suggested that the odor of infected rodents is altered by the parasite, making them more attractive to the insect vector. In the new study, Staniek and Hamilton assessed whether infection affects the attractiveness of dogs, which are the natural reservoirs for human infection.

 

The authors collected odors from infected and uninfected dogs residing in a Brazilian city, where visceral leishmaniasis is endemic. In contrast to males, female sand flies were more attracted to the odor of infected dogs than uninfected dogs. According to the authors, the results provide strong evidence that parasites manipulate the odor of their hosts, potentially enhancing infection and transmission opportunities for the pathogen.

 

The authors add, “This demonstration of the parasite’s manipulation of its host’s odor, to potentially improve its transmission opportunity, will help us to understand the epidemiology of the disease, improve existing control strategies as well as develop new methodologies for control and diagnosis.”

 

 

 

Period18/03/2021

 

 

 

The protist parasite Leishmania infantum can alter its host’s odor to attract female sand flies, which transmit the pathogen, according to a study published March 18th  in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens by Monica Staniek of Lancaster University and Gordon Hamilton of Lancaster University.

 

Visceral leishmaniasis leads to thousands of deaths worldwide every year. In South America, the disease-causing pathogen, L. infantum, is transmitted from dogs to humans through the bite of infected female sand flies, but not male sand flies. Past research has suggested that the odor of infected rodents is altered by the parasite, making them more attractive to the insect vector. In the new study, Staniek and Hamilton assessed whether infection affects the attractiveness of dogs, which are the natural reservoirs for human infection.

 

The authors collected odors from infected and uninfected dogs residing in a Brazilian city, where visceral leishmaniasis is endemic. In contrast to males, female sand flies were more attracted to the odor of infected dogs than uninfected dogs. According to the authors, the results provide strong evidence that parasites manipulate the odor of their hosts, potentially enhancing infection and transmission opportunities for the pathogen.

 

The authors add, “This demonstration of the parasite’s manipulation of its host’s odor, to potentially improve its transmission opportunity, will help us to understand the epidemiology of the disease, improve existing control strategies as well as develop new methodologies for control and diagnosis.”

 

 

 

References

TitleParasites may make dogs smell good to insect vector
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletNew Scientist
Media typePrint
Duration/Length/Size1 hour/
CountryUnited Kingdom
Date18/03/21
Producer/AuthorKrista Charles
PersonsGordon Hamilton